Before introducing solutions to solve this problem, let us analyze unnecessary keywords:
pop=full IOp(3/33=1) use=L506 does not affect the SCF convergence at all, but increases the output. Often there is no need to write these two keywords (unless you have some special calculation purposes, e.g. you need the AO overlap integrals).
Increasing the SCF maxcycles will work only when the SCF is close to the convergence threshold and the electronic energy becomes lower gradually in the last few cycles. In such case 50 extra cycles would usually be sufficient.
maxcycles=2048 seems crazy and it is possible that the user did not monitor the SCF procedure. One can monitor the SCF convergence by running
grep 'Delta-E=' xxx.log
in Linux command line.
integral=(superfine) usually does some help. I don't think
scf=fermi would be useful.
Using the basis set and ECP LANL2DZ for all atoms is not recommended. For non-metal atoms (H, C, etc), better basis sets like 6-311G(d,p) or def2-TZVP are recommended. If your molecule is large, you can use 6-31G(d) or def2-SVP. While for transition metal atoms, def2-TZVP or cc-pVTZ(-PP) is recommended. If you insist on using the LANL2, you can use LANL2TZ(f), which is much more accurate than LANL2DZ.
Here comes the solutions:
(1) Reading molecular orbitals (MOs) from a previous job. For example, reading MOs of ROHF/LANL2DZ. You can also read MOs from another density functional (e.g. BLYP) if SCF can be converged using that functional. The Gaussian input is like
#p ROB3LYP/LANL2DZ guess=read geom=allcheck (other keywords you want)
%oldchk can only be used in Gaussian16. For Gaussian09 users, you need to copy/backup a previous chk file and use
%chk= to specify the filename. By specifying
geom=allcheck, Gaussian program will read Title Card, charge, spin multiplicity, and Cartesian coordinates from the previous chk file, so there is no need to write them in the gjf file.
(2) Try other keywords in Gaussian, e.g. scf(vshift=300).
(3) Read converged ROB3LYP MOs of a smaller basis set. This trick is often used for cc-pVDZ -> cc-pVTZ, def2-SVP -> def2-TZVP, etc. Since you already use a small basis set LANL2DZ, this trick can hardly be used.
(4) Reading converged ROB3LYP MOs from other quantum chemistry packages, e.g. PySCF. Solutions (1), (2) and (3) require some trial and error. Using this solution, however, you will probably succeed by trying only once. Firstly, you need to install the PySCF and MOKIT packages:
Both of these two packages can be installed via
conda install if connected to network. The we write a Python script (since you do not show coordinates of your molecule, let us take the triplet O2 as an example: O2.py):
from pyscf import dft, lib
from mokit.lib.gaussian import load_mol_from_fch
from mokit.lib.py2fch_direct import fchk
lib.num_threads(2) # 2 CPU cores
fchname = 'O2.fch'
mol = load_mol_from_fch(fchname)
mf = dft.ROKS(mol)
mf.verbose = 4
mf.xc = 'b3lypg'
mf.grids.atom_grid = (99,590) # ultrafine
# SCF may not converged here. We add an orbital-optimization step using the second-order method
mf = mf.newton()
Running this script is simple:
python O2.py >O2.out 2>&1
Then you get the file
unfchk O2_ROB3LYP.fch O2_ROB3LYP.chk
to obtain the chk file. Now you obtain converged MOs from another package, this will make Gaussian SCF converge immediately (using
%chk to read MOs mentioned in Solution (1)).
Moreover, you can do something that Gaussian does not support currently. For example, check the wave function stability of RODFT in PySCF, before transferring MOs to Gaussian:
which makes your wave function more reliable.