# How to transform lattice in VESTA

Can anyone please help me transform $$\ce{LiCoO2}$$ hexagonal cell ($$a \times a \times c$$) to orthorhombic cell ($$a \times a \sqrt{3} \times 1$$) and hexagonal cell ($$a \sqrt{3} \times a \sqrt{3}\times 1$$)?

• Have you tried Edit -> Edit Data -> Unit cell option? From there you can change the unit cell as far as I know.
– PBH
Dec 15, 2021 at 5:19
• Thank you. I found transform function. But when I entered the transform matrix, it show something strange. I would appreciate if you can show me how to determine transformation matrix. Dec 15, 2021 at 6:06
• Is this the required orthorhombic result?
– PBH
Dec 15, 2021 at 15:14
• I can do using two ways 1. In OVITO replicate in different direction and cut the periodic unit in orthogonal box. Method two simple using software called atomsk, just type this command "atomsk POSCAR1 -orthogonal-cell vasp" Dec 15, 2021 at 18:56
• Replicate in Ovito and affine-transform only simulation box as required ,keep atoms inside new cell and delete rest, make sure not to include periodic atoms. You can talk this conversation in vasp chat group, chat.stackexchange.com/rooms/109983/vasp Dec 16, 2021 at 18:47

structure 1

Method affine transformation of simulation box after replicating in X and Y in ovito

OUTPUT: POSCAR

POSCAR file written by OVITO
1.0
2.8428978920         0.0000000000         0.0000000000
0.0000000000         4.9240398407         0.0000000000
0.0000000000         0.0000000000        14.1456146240
Li   Co    O
6    6   12
Direct
0.000000000         0.000000000         0.000000000
0.500000461         0.166666663         0.333332985
0.000000000         0.333333809         0.666666981
-0.000000000         0.666667086         0.333332985
0.499999958         0.500000436         0.000000000
0.499999455         0.833334173         0.666666981
0.000000000         0.333333809         0.166666998
-0.000000000        -0.000000000         0.500000000
0.500000461         0.166666663         0.833333019
0.000000000         0.666667086         0.833333019
0.499999455         0.833334173         0.166666998
0.499999958         0.500000436         0.500000000
-0.000000000        -0.000000000         0.239586996
0.500000461         0.166666663         0.093745997
0.500000461         0.166666663         0.572920049
-0.000000000         0.333333809         0.427080019
-0.000000000         0.333333809         0.906254011
-0.000000000        -0.000000000         0.760412970
0.000000000         0.666667086         0.093745997
-0.000000000         0.666667086         0.572920049
0.499999958         0.500000436         0.239586996
0.499999455         0.833334173         0.427080019
0.499999455         0.833334173         0.906254011
0.499999958         0.500000436         0.760412970


structure2
Method affine transformation of simulation box after replicating in X and Y in ovito

OUTPUT: POSCAR

POSCAR file written by OVITO
1.0
4.9240450859         0.0000000000         0.0000000000
2.4620173651         4.2643450666         0.0000000000
0.0000000000         0.0000000000        14.1456146240
Li   Co    O
9    9   18
Direct
0.000000000         0.000000000         0.000000000
0.333333430        -0.000000000         0.333332985
-0.000000007         0.333333975         0.666666981
-0.000000018         0.666666944         0.333332985
0.666665892        -0.000000000         0.666666981
0.333333114         0.333333891         0.000000000
0.666666524         0.333333835         0.333332985
0.333332722         0.666667838         0.666666981
0.666666229         0.666667782         0.000000000
-0.000000007         0.333333975         0.166666998
-0.000000000        -0.000000000         0.500000000
0.333333430        -0.000000000         0.833333019
-0.000000018         0.666666944         0.833333019
0.666665892        -0.000000000         0.166666998
0.333332722         0.666667838         0.166666998
0.333333114         0.333333891         0.500000000
0.666666524         0.333333835         0.833333019
0.666666229         0.666667782         0.500000000
0.000000000        -0.000000000         0.239586996
0.333333430        -0.000000000         0.093745997
0.333333430        -0.000000000         0.572920049
-0.000000007         0.333333975         0.427080019
-0.000000007         0.333333975         0.906254011
-0.000000000         0.000000000         0.760412970
-0.000000018         0.666666944         0.093745997
-0.000000018         0.666666944         0.572920049
0.666665892        -0.000000000         0.427080019
0.666665892        -0.000000000         0.906254011
0.333333114         0.333333891         0.239586996
0.666666524         0.333333835         0.093745997
0.666666524         0.333333835         0.572920049
0.333332722         0.666667838         0.427080019
0.333332722         0.666667838         0.906254011
0.333333114         0.333333891         0.760412970
0.666666229         0.666667782         0.239586996
0.666666229         0.666667782         0.760412970



Load POSCAR > show periodic image > affine transformation > manual selection > delete selected atoms >export as POSCAR

NOTE: During delete of extra atom outside simulation box don't include periodically equivalent atoms in boundaries

• Is it Ovito pro version? Dec 21, 2021 at 15:36
• I am using old linux version 2.9 . Dec 21, 2021 at 17:21
• I just downloaded version 3.6 on my macbook and I could not find periodic image and manual selection Dec 22, 2021 at 0:40
• check option replicate Dec 24, 2021 at 14:26

When you change the lattice, you actually change the crystal structure (don't confuse the lattice, a geometrical object, with the crystal structure, a real object).

First of all you have to consider the space group types of your starting and final structures and verify that a group-subgroup relationship holds between them. If yes, you can transform the structure.

Than you can use the tools avaliable at the Bilbao Crystallographic Server for transforming your structure. It is imperatuve that you use a correct transfomation matrix. At this point the Server will give you the atomic positions in the Wyckoff sites for the new space group. You can save this structure as a CIF file and import it in Vesta.