Questions tagged [basis-sets]

For questions about the usage and construction of electronic structure basis sets.

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29
votes
3answers
396 views

What are the positives and negatives of periodic DFT codes that don't use plane-wave basis sets?

Most periodic density functional theory (DFT) codes use plane-wave basis sets in conjunction with three-dimensional periodic boundary conditions. In contrast, for molecular systems of finite size, ...
13
votes
2answers
198 views

What are the scientific justifications of the binding energy equation?

There are many problems where we want to calculate the binding energy between two systems. Normally, we have a system A, adsorbent (a surface, a nanotube, a protein, etc.), that interact with a system ...
18
votes
3answers
184 views

How trustworthy is the Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson potential and how does it perform across basis sets?

When modeling solid-state materials and particularly semiconductors, one must go beyond LDA and GGA. One alternative is to use hybrid functionals or the $GW$ method. However, this can be very ...
18
votes
1answer
106 views

Are plane-wave basis sets reliable for modeling adsorption processes?

Plane-wave basis sets are useful in the calculation of periodic systems and can be used in combination with pseudopotentials. However, when dealing with surfaces the system is no longer periodic in, ...
9
votes
3answers
793 views

Which software is good with generally contracted basis sets?

Recently, I learnt that basis sets can be contracted as segmented (like def2 or 6-31G) or general (like cc-PVTZ, or ANO). The general contraction allows all the primitives to appear in all shells, ...
22
votes
1answer
130 views

Which basis set families were optimized to give the lowest possible variational energy for a given number of orbitals?

Dunning's basis set families (such as cc-pVXZ and aug-cc-pCVXZ) were not optimized to give the lowest variational energy for a given number of orbitals. For example the S-type orbitals are optimized, ...
22
votes
5answers
379 views

What functions other than Gaussians are used for orbital basis sets?

The Gaussian function $\propto\exp((x-a)^2/b)$ with $b>0$ is one of the most common functions used in molecular modelling (e.g. Gaussian type orbitals). What are some examples of applications of ...
14
votes
1answer
230 views

Gaussian-type orbitals vs Slater-type orbitals in terms of computational efficiency

When creating molecular orbitals via the linear combination of atomic orbitals method I am told that Slater orbitals provide a more accurate representation whilst Gaussian orbitals are computationally ...
15
votes
1answer
123 views

What methods can be used to calculate excited-states in molecular crystals?

In periodic systems plane-wave basis functions are often used. In a previous question on this site it was questioned if plane-wave basis-sets are reliable for modeling adsorption-processes The ...
13
votes
2answers
314 views

When are atomic-orbital-basis (rather than plane-wave) methods appropriate in periodic DFT?

For example, GPAW supports both plane-wave and atomic-orbital basis methods. I know that atomic-orbital basis methods can have difficulty with electrons occupying vacancies for example, but what ...
11
votes
1answer
98 views

Avoiding charge-migration in electronic structure calculations with solvent-like environments

When performing electronic structure calculations on a molecule one can surround it with point charges to mimic a solvent environment and lend polarization effects. There is a bit of a caveat ...
8
votes
1answer
152 views

Which basis set should be used for a system that contains both anions and cations?

I am trying to model a system that has both anions and cations interacting with each other. (In this case it is calcium ion interacting with two small carboxylic acid molecules). Now, looking through ...