# Questions tagged [condensed-matter]

For all matters related to condensed matter physics.

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### How to get a Wannier function for a tight-binding model numerically? [closed]

I have a question about construction of a Wannier function for a tight-binding model. Let's say we consider the tight-binding model of a 1D chain with two atoms (site A and B in a unit cell). In k-...
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### Constructing the symmetry operator from k.p Hamiltonian [closed]

I have a question regarding to how to construct an operator from k.p Hamiltonian. Maybe there are some problems in my understanding, I hope you can point me out and correct my description if I made ...
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### Example of 2D k-space models allowing interband transitions after a closed-loop trajectory? [closed]

I have been mainly exposed to 2D momentum-space condensed matter models in the context of Berry-related topology. I now want to study models where, if I take a closed loop in momentum space, I will ...
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### Value of density of state effective mass and transport effective mass to calculate conductivity [closed]

How can density of state effective mass and transport effective mass can be defined to calculate conductivity for a cubic system with parabolic but anisotropic dispersion relation? What will be the ...
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### How to increase the number of CPUs in my computer?

I'm running my calculations using Quantum ESPRESSO on a 10th generation i7 computer (Dell) with Ubuntu. When I run any calculation using the command ...
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### What's the completeness relation of Bloch band?

Bloch's theorem can be stated as: $$|\Psi_{n\vec{k}}\rangle=e^{i\vec{k}\cdot\vec{r}}|u_{n\vec{k}}(\vec{r})\rangle \tag{1}$$ where $|\Psi_{n\vec{k}}\rangle$ is the solution of single electron ...
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### How to restart an interrupted Quantum ESPRESSO calculation?

I was doing a vc-relax calculation and after 1 day the calculation suddenly stopped. Is there a way to restart it from previous interrupted calculation of do I have to restart from the beginning?
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### Can conventional unit cell have higher symmetry than primitive cell for the same crystal?

This question arises from the last sentence of the first paragraph (see here) of the section "Formalism". If primitive cell can have lower symmetry, why don't the DFT results using these two ...
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### How to plot downfolded bands from DFT bands?

Once you mapped the high symmetry points from primitive cell to the super cell, you need to plot the downfolded bands. As we know in DFT output of band structure calculation we get a set of E vs k ...
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### About alignment of 2D monolayer band structures

I need to do the alignment of band structures of one 2D monolayer. I have created some vacancies in the 2D monolayer using VASP and calculated the band gap values (GGA) corresponding to different ...
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### Strongly Correlated Materials: Theoretical Frameworks, Computational Techniques, and Machine Learning Breakthroughs in Matter Modeling

This is more of an opened discussion, recommendations, and experts views on the Strongly correlated materials. Exploring the behavior of strongly correlated materials poses significant challenges in ...
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### Presence/absence of topologically protected edge states on the boundary of two topological insulators [closed]

A normal insulator is the same as vacuum because one can change the band structure from one to another without closing the gap, but for topological insulators (talking about 2D TI) like 1T'-TMDs or ...
195 views

### About the mechanism of opening of the band gap in topological insulator with the inclusion of SOC [closed]

When we work on the topological insulator (protected by time reversal symmetry ), it is often said that the SOC is the main ingredient because it is a way to open a gap when the band inversion present....
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### The polarization lattice of a non-polar one dimensional chain [closed]

I have been trying to understand the concept of dielectric polarization in material science mostly by following Nicola Spaldin's lecture notes I am confused by the claim that the polarization of a non-...
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### Z2 topological index: Is this unconventional formula summed over just filled bands, or all bands? [closed]

The $\mathbb{Z}_2$ topological index is usually defined in terms of the Pfaffian of the overlap matrix, as defined by eq. 4 of Kane and Mele's paper:  P(k)=\text{Pf}[\langle u_i(k) | \Theta | u_j(k) ...
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### Why does numerical computation of Berry curvature give me a correct Berry phase when it is supposed to diverge? [closed]

I implemented the standard numerical algorithm for calculating the Berry curvature in MATLAB. For a given 2D system, I can visualize the Berry curvature over parameter space. If I sum the Berry ...
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### What's the difference between dynamic and static strain aging? [closed]

I do understand how static strain aging occurs and why the yield point comes back if ample time is allotted after a loading and unloading cycles primarily due to diffusion of substitutional and ...
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### A doubt about extended dislocation [closed]

I wonder why this phenomenon occurs: "Unlike unextended screw dislocations, the extended screw dislocations define a specific slip plane, the {111} plane of the fault and it will be constrained ...
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### Why my values of dielectric function don't match litterature (For Yambo with Quantum ESPRESSO)?

I try to reproduce the dielectric function as the picture bellow using Yambo code but the values that I have found in y-axis are so much bigger [-1000,1500] compared to literature. I generated the scf ...
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### How to map high symmetry points from primitive cell to conventional cell?

We usually plot electronic bands with the help of high symmetry points of the irreducible zone of primitive cell of particular material. But if we want to plot bands with conventional cell, we have to ...
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### Hubbard model SU(2) symmetry: manifest invariance

Could someone explain, is it possible to make Hubbard Hamiltonian manifestly SU(2) invariant? I know about the interaction term, but how would kinetic (hopping effect) term have to look like? Here I'm ...
58 views

### Original reference for gapped chiral fermion k·p model?

In eq. 1 of this reference, the authors present the following Hamiltonian for the 2-band gapped chiral fermion model that can describe many systems including various semiconductors, N-layer graphene, ...
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### Is there any useful application to estimating the expectation value for an Ising model without magnetic field?

In the same line of thoughts as this post, I am trying to understand better in which cases quantum computers could be useful to simulate materials under some constraints on what the quantum computer ...
129 views

### How to read UPF pseudopotential for ultrasoft pseudopotential simple in a fortran program

I'm currently working on calculating semiempirical local and nonlocal matrix elements for Ga. To proceed with my calculations, I need to extract specific parameters from the UPF (Unified ...