Questions tagged [crystallography]

Questions concerning crystallography, the science of determining the arrangement of atoms in crystalline solids.

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53
votes
7answers
840 views

Is there a database where we can find previously determined geometries of materials?

For small molecules, NIST has a database of experimentally determined geometries here, and ab initio geometries here. I wonder if there is something similar for materials?
26
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13answers
868 views

What are the freely available crystal-structure visualization softwares?

I use VESTA mostly for crystal structure visualizations. What other options are available?
12
votes
1answer
103 views

Overview of how self-consistent dynamical low-energy electron diffraction simulations are performed

A technique for deducing arrangements of atoms on crystal surfaces is Low Energy Electron Diffraction or LEED. For a flat crystal surface aligned to a low-order plane with perhaps a 2D periodic ...
18
votes
2answers
329 views

How can I create a .CIF file from x-ray diffraction data in a paper, for compound not found in crystallographic database

I tried to recover a .CIF file (Crystallographic Information File) with the crystal structure for the compound discussed in a paper by Reuter et. al.[1], strontium hydroxide octahydrate - $\ce{Sr(OH)2·...
12
votes
1answer
323 views

Suggestions for a good crystal structure visualization workflow

Following up on this question about freely available crystal structure visualization codes, I wish to know what procedures people follow from start to finish in preparing images of their materials for ...
9
votes
0answers
71 views

Have FDTD methods made inroads into dynamical simulation of electron and/or X-ray scattering by crystals?

I'm afraid this question might be too basic or too naive or both, but here goes! For optical diffraction by periodic nano-structures (gratings, semiconductor manufacturing metrology) the rigorous ...
23
votes
4answers
327 views

Available methods and codes for materials discovery / crystal structure prediction?

There are many open databases and projects that allow you to access computed crystal structures of experimentally known compounds, registered in the Inorganic Crystal Structure Database (ICSD). These ...
13
votes
1answer
82 views

How relevant are the displacement parameters in a crystal structure for materials modelling?

If I construct a crystal structure using lattice parameters and atomic coordinates as mentioned in a previous post, what difference does it make if I omit (or enter wrong parameters) for the ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

How do I extract a molecular structure from a CIF file?

When I open a CIF file of a crystal structure in a typical molecular editor like Avogadro, then I just see a few symmetry-unique atoms scattered around the unit cell. But I don't see the full molecule ...
12
votes
2answers
261 views

How to sort a supercell for a molecular crystal?

I am trying to build a supercell of the following (below) molecular crystal from its .cif file. How do I sort a supercell here according to each molecule in the supercell? I'm not tethered to a ...
9
votes
1answer
94 views

Partial density of states in random solid solutions

This question comes as a follow-up to https://mattermodeling.stackexchange.com/a/2214/116; nonetheless, it is relevant on its own as well. To designate a particular crystal structure to a random ...
20
votes
2answers
503 views

Meaning of atomic positional parameters

I am trying to model some materials with DFT, so I intended to start out with the structure. However, some texts that present XRD data, use a term called atomic positional parameter. I can't seem to ...
11
votes
2answers
296 views

Is the original structure invalid if it's found later that the material crystallises with a slightly different space group symmetry?

I am studying a material which was first discovered in the early 1960s. It was reported then that it crystallized in the hexagonal $P6_3/mmc$ space group. Recently the material was synthesized again ...
11
votes
1answer
90 views

CuO (monoclinic) crystallographic plane and their relaxed surface energy

I want to calculate wulff construction for CuO of space group C2/c. Can any one help me with its crystallographic plane/Miller indices and their corresponding relaxed surface energy? If you can ...