Questions tagged [defects]

For questions about modeling material defects (e.g. vacancies, interstitial/substitutional impurities, topological defects).

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Which formalism is better suited to model a crystal with defects: Hartree–Fock, Kohn–Sham, or something else?

Let’s suppose that (1) it’s required to calculate a crystal with certain parameters of a crystal lattice; (2) this crystal has some defects (let it be Frenkel defects for simplicity); (3) these ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Decide the position of oxygen vacancy via the configuration with the lowest energy?

I am trying to determine the position of oxygen vacancy in $\ce{TiO2}$, is it reasonable to decide it by choosing the configuration with the lowest energy? It doesn't feel quite right to always choose ...
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8 votes
0 answers
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How to distinguish between deformation mechanisms in creep experiment?

As I'm learning more about viscoelasticity and creep experiments, I'm trying to understand how to distinguish between the different deformation mechanisms. In general, when a sample of viscoelastic ...
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9 votes
0 answers
97 views

Difference of high-frequency and static dielectric constants? [closed]

I found in an article [1] the following definition of FNV (Freysoldt, Neugebauer and Van de Walle) energy correction term for a charged defect in a cubic supercell: $$E_{\text{corr}}=\frac{\alpha_Mq^2}...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Relax vs VC-Relax for interstitial incorporation energy

In order to model an interstitial trapped in a metal lattice, and the associated incorporation energy, which should be used - "relax" or "vc-relax"? I want to understand the ...
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  • 457
11 votes
1 answer
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How to start with structural defects in monolayer?

First of all, thank you for your help! You are so helpful every time. I would like to calculate the influence of the structural defects on the electronic structure in the HfS2 monolayer. With VESTA ...
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23 votes
0 answers
347 views

What are the tools available for point defects calculations? [closed]

It would be appreciated if you could explain one of the tools below (or another tool not listed), in the format used here (for example): What software will allow me to combine two images? What ...
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  • 491
15 votes
1 answer
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What are good resources to study crystallographic defects in different dimensional systems and their topological dimensionality?

I wonder if there are any books or resources that may address one or more of the following questions: What kinds of defects are important for topology? Especially crystallographic defects. How do ...
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18 votes
1 answer
407 views

What are some approaches to modeling charged point defects in materials?

From what I understand, one major issue in modeling charged point defects in materials is the existence of artificial interactions between charged defects and their periodic images. Even when using ...
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