Questions tagged [density-functional-theory]

For questions about simulations using Density Functional Theory.

41 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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16
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119 views

What are the recent developments of TDDFT to simulate the excited properties of materials?

The time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) and the many-body perturbation method (GW@BSE) are considered as the two most popular and successful methods to describe the excited-stated ...
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95 views

What are the recent developments of GW@BSE to simulate the excited properties of materials?

A twin question related to the TDDFT method is asked in another post. But any comparisons between both methods in recent developments are welcome. The time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) ...
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121 views

Inconsistent data of chemical potential from different papers

I am looking for chemical potential from literature.$^{1,2}$ I compared the method and data they provided. They use the Fitted Elemental Reference Energy method via GGA+U on VASP employing PAW. U ...
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129 views

Orbital magnetization in periodic solids

The orbital magnetization in periodic solids has been nicely described by the so-called modern theory of magnetization [1,2,3,4]. $$\tag{1} \mathcal{M}_{orb} = -\frac{1}{2} \Im \sum_{n,\mathbf{k}} f_{...
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109 views

How to do a Sampling on the boundary of Brillouin zone in VASP

I use VASP to do my DFT calculation. I have to do a self consistent calculation to generate my CHGCAR. I want to ask is there anyway to write the KPOINTS file to generate K-meshing grid which can ...
8
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121 views

transition dipole matrix element

When doing DFT calculations of periodic solids, from either $\mathbf{k \cdot p}$ perturbation theory or simply using the trick $\mathbf{r} \rightarrow i\partial_{\mathbf{k}}$, one can obtain $$ \...
8
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64 views

Crystallography: How to sample *unique* structures from configuration space? (binary alloy supercell)

I'm working with a binary alloy system (call it 'AB'), and I'd like to generate a few unique configurations for DFT purposes. My primitive cubic unit cell consists of 4 atoms; i.e. 4 positions. Thus, ...
8
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68 views

What are some examples where TD-DFT was successful and where it fell short in describing photophysical or photochemical processes?

Time-dependent Density Functional Theory has been around for quite a while now, seeing Density-Functional Theory for Time-Dependent Systems, and so it has been developed extensively, implemented in ...
8
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55 views

Troubleshooting mechanistic calculation: Transition state energy and intermediate energy too close

I'm studying a mechanism of aromatic substitution of fluorine which proceeds via an intermediate. I'm searching for a transition state using a relaxed surface scan, then I optimize the TS and perform ...
8
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102 views

Band structure has unusual lines in the valence band using Quantum ESPRESSO

Currently, I am working on ZnO doped with nickel and cobalt. I performed the SCF, NCF, BANDS calculation and got the results, the calculation converges without any errors. After that I used BANDS.X to ...
8
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123 views

Can we calculate bond enthalpies for each bond in a supercell of a disordered AB crystal using DFT?

Apart from using Bader charge analysis or energy of formation estimation, I wonder if there is a way to compute the bond energy of constituent bonds in a crystal using density functional theory. Let's ...
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56 views

Structural biology vs condensed matter prediction

I have two main modeling research lines: one related to structural biology (including rational drug design, de novo design, polymorphism, etc.) and the other one related to condensed matter (...
8
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71 views

Orbital-free DFT and Density Functional Tight-Binding: Comparison

There are many flavors of DFT that are alternative or go beyond the formulation of Kohn and Sham (KS-DFT). Some of these are based on approximations that sacrifice accuracy when compared to KS-DFT, ...
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51 views

Why do I get negative charge density values in the core of atoms when I perform DFT calculations with PAW?

We are all aware of the fact that negative charge densities in the atomic cores are an artefact of Density Functional theory Calculations using Projector Augmented Wave (PAW) method. But what is the ...
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45 views

How can I calculate the exchange energy for a molecule in PySCF?

I am trying to generate exchange energy separately in pyscf but didn't see a way to do that. For correlation energy, it's fairly simple but do you have any idea how to calculate exchange energy?
7
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54 views

Calculating lattice thermal conductivity using Quantum ESPRESSO and phonopy

How should I calculate lattice thermal conductivity in Quantum ESPRESSO? I have installed phonopy. My Linux distribution is Ubuntu.
7
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37 views

The quantum spin Hall phase with Z2 = 0?

I used first principle calculations to study the thin film model. An obvious crossing was shown to appear at the gamma point when the edge state was calculated, which was originally predicted to be ...
7
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55 views

Software for calculating the mirror Chern number of 2D systems?

Can anyone please explain to me how can I calculate the mirror Chern number of a 2D system? I will be very thankful if you can refer me to a package or software which can directly perform mirror Chern ...
7
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42 views

Is it possible to construct a tight binding matrix of high atomic layer thin film from the lower one?

Give a tight binding matrix of a few atomic layer thin film system, is it possible to construct a tight binding matrix of higher atomic layers thin film from the lower one? For example, I have a 4 ...
7
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49 views

Single electron transfer periodic DFT in VASP

I have the following question: I am currently studying the electrocatalytic CO2RR on Cu materials using periodic DFT calculations and I am using the CHE model to describe the proton electron transfer ...
7
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37 views

Effect of temperature on density of states effective mass

The experimental study shows that Density of state effective mass is calculated at 300K while in theoretical study DFT yield Density of state effective mass at 0K. Why there is so much temperature ...
7
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89 views

How to fix gauge in Quantum ESPRESSO?

I am trying to use Quantum ESPRESSO to manually calculate the Berry phase using the Berry connection, due to evolution along a closed loop in k-space. I want to do this manually instead of using ...
7
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116 views

The gap was open when I was doing an HSE + SOC DFT calculation

I used VASP as my DFT software to do a calculation on an anti-perovskite crystal. I try to reproduce the band structure from literature which was calculated based on HSE + SOC calculation. Their ...
6
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73 views

Is there a software package to analyse interactions in crystals?

I have been using Quantum ESPRESSO, specifically the pp.x module to study interactions via charge density plots. The process is slow as for crystals containing ...
6
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66 views

How to interpret WannierTools Python code that generates tight-binding model in the wannier90_hr.dat format?

I am getting myself acquainted with Wannier Tools. Wannier Tools requires two inputs, a wt.in file, and a .dat file. This .dat file should have the structure explained in the manual here. This file ...
6
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65 views

Two-stage unbinding & binding energies with DFT

I'm trying to calculate the stability of the product of a coordinate bonding process of molecules A and B in the polarizable continuum solvent model (PCM, solvent set to water). I'm getting energies ...
6
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89 views

In VASP, which option is better for monolayer relaxation: ISIF=3 or ISIF=4?

Since I have started working on monolayers I was using the ISIF=3 tag for relaxation, this was after recompiling VASP with the modified "...
6
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49 views

Handling multiple self-consistent solutions with DFT+U

It is well-established that within the DFT+U framework, one can achieve several self-consistent solutions with greatly varying energies for the same exact magnetic ordering. In 2010, Meredig et al. ...
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22 views

Is it possible to calculate the variation of magnetization M(T) for a diluted magnetic semiconductor?

Is there any simulation program (for example a DFT package) to determine the variation of magnetization M(T) for dilute magnetic semiconductors or doped semiconductors with different concentrations of ...
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40 views

Which energy should I consider while trying to analyse the variation in transport coefficients with temperature?

I am using the BolzTraP code [I'm completely new to this code] to calculate the thermo-electric coefficients as per this tutorial. And the output file obtained from BoltzTraP is given below. The ...
6
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55 views

Is it necessary to terminate the surface ions in a quantum dot?

I was trying to study quantum dots of ZnO. But I'm pretty new to creating and passivating 0-dimensional particles. Is it always necessary to passivate the free surface of the quantum dot? Regarding ...
6
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157 views

Is there any way to simulate the Polarization vs Electric Field loop of BaTiO3 using Quantum ESPRESSO?

I'm new to the Quantum ESPRESSO package. There are articles outlining the procedure of indirectly simulating the P-E loop of piezo-electric materials via berry phase calculations.One procedure is ...
5
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86 views

How can I calculate and plot the molecular orbitals (MO's) from the Gaussian wavefunction file?

This a follow-up question to my previous question. And as per the answer one could create M.O orbitals from the primitives. As a new user of Gaussian, is there any method (or algorithm) to followed so ...
5
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49 views

Is there a way I could calculate the pressure and use SOC at the same time?

I have been trying to find the appropriate k-point grid via convergence in quantum ESPRESSO (QE). The following is my input file. ...
5
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98 views

What is the relation between enthalpy, ionization potential, internal energy and HOMO/LUMO?

Is there any relation between enthalpy, ionization potential, internal energy and HOMO/LUMO? I am dehydrogenating a molecule and I need to study the enthalpy of dehydrogenation. If I get any relation ...
5
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38 views

Interpreting Critic2 charge analysis in metallic systems

I'm using Critic2 software to perform post-processing of the charge density of metallic alloys. With the charge density obtained from the Self-Consistent-Field calculation (for that I'm using Quantum ...
4
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0answers
34 views

Nanowire Band Structure using Siesta DFT

I'm working with the Siesta DFT software, and managed to reproduce the band structure of bulk Si without any issues. However, when trying the same with a Si nanowire, the band structure looks nowhere ...
4
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59 views

HSE06+SOC calculation in VASP: How to remove false k-points?

I followed the steps mentioned in the answer of question: How to carry out HSE06+SOC band structure calculation using VASP but I found a zigzag band structure. Any idea how to remove false k-points in ...
4
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67 views

Equations related to the first order derivative of the wave function

I have two brakets (the angular momentum matrix elements) that are $$ \langle \partial_\mathbf{k} \psi_{n \mathbf{k}} | \times \mathbf{p} | \psi_{m \mathbf{k}} \rangle \tag{1} $$ $$ \langle \psi_{n \...
3
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26 views

How to define ferrimagnetism in quantum Espresso

I would like to pick this problem from my previous post See link. I am clear about how to define antiferromagnetism in QE. Here I am with another issue. I am ...
3
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0answers
29 views

Determining conduction band minimum of a semiconductor

How can I determine the minimum of the conduction band of a semiconductor using DFT/VASP, or any other option?