Questions tagged [dfpt]

Questions related to Density Functional Perturbation Theory.

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20
votes
1answer
134 views

What is the importance of electron interaction on dielectric response of crystals?

After obtaining the Kohn-Sham orbitals from a plane-wave-based self-consistent-field calculation, the dipole matrix elements could be calculated in order to determine electro-optical properties such ...
18
votes
1answer
612 views

Are there differences in accuracy and reliability between the frozen phonon method and Density Functional Perturbation Theory?

When proposing or predicting new materials, whether in the bulk or in two dimensions, it is important to discuss the stability of the system. This is usually done through thermodynamics and(or) ...
12
votes
0answers
167 views

First order variation of the wave function of conduction states

The first order variation of the wave function $\Delta \psi_n$ is obtained by standard perturbation theory (Eq. 25 of ref 1): \begin{equation} (H_{SCF}-\epsilon_n)|\Delta \psi_n \rangle = -(\Delta V_{...
10
votes
1answer
111 views

Reliability about the predicted two-dimensional crystal structures based on DFT high-throughput calculation?

Computational 2D Materials Database (C2DB), 2D structures and layered materials, and 2D Materials Encyclopedia are three major databases for two-dimensional materials based on DFT calculation. However,...
9
votes
1answer
486 views

Why do we need to build a supercell to use the DFPT in Phonopy interfaced with VASP?

The following passage about the merits of density-functional perturbation theory (DFPT) is extracted from this seminal paper: Phonons and related crystal properties from density-functional ...
8
votes
1answer
84 views

Phonon frequencies and free energy with respect to polymorphs

I have a material that can crystallize in either a cubic or tetragonal polymorph depending on the synthesis. I used DFPT in VASP and calculated the phonon band structures. I see that the cubic has all ...
5
votes
0answers
38 views

How can I find primitive axis for any bulk or 2D (monolayer) material

I am doing DFPT calculations using VASP+Phonopy. To plot phonon band structure, I need a band.conf file in which we need to ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

Equations related to the first order derivative of the wave function

I have two brakets (the angular momentum matrix elements) that are $$ \langle \partial_\mathbf{k} \psi_{n \mathbf{k}} | \times \mathbf{p} | \psi_{m \mathbf{k}} \rangle \tag{1} $$ $$ \langle \psi_{n \...