Questions tagged [electronic-structure]

For questions concerning electronic structure concepts and calculations.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
15
votes
2answers
231 views

Properties that can be deduced from Band structure and DOS

Calculation of band structure and Density of States (DOS) is ubiquitous in matter modelling research publications. What are some properties that can be deduced from a band structure plot and density ...
12
votes
1answer
282 views

Is Heisenberg model or in its simplier form Ising model a good approximation to study magnetic systems?

Heisenberg model $$\hat{H}=-\sum_{\langle i j\rangle}J\hat{S}_i\hat{S}_j$$ And in its simplified version, the Ising model $$\hat{H}=-\sum_{\langle ij\rangle}J\hat{S}_i^z\hat{S}_j^z$$ are widely ...
19
votes
3answers
247 views

How to incorporate the effect of spin-orbit coupling in electronic structure calculation

Since the effect of spin-orbit coupling plays an important role in many transition metal complexes, what are the common methods to incorporate the effect of spin-orbit coupling?
20
votes
1answer
113 views

When do relativistic effects need to be explicitly included?

For many applications with heavy metals, pseudopotentials can be used to include some amount of relativistic effects. But for what sort of systems does it become necessary to actually use a ...
15
votes
4answers
320 views

How is group theory used to deduce which of these integrals are equal to 0?

The number of all two-electron integrals: $$ \tag{1} \langle \phi_1 \phi_2|\phi_3\phi_4 \rangle = \int d^3\mathbf r' \int d^3\mathbf r'' \, \phi_1(\mathbf r'') \, \phi_2(\mathbf r') \frac{1}{|\mathbf ...
25
votes
2answers
181 views

How to determine, a priori, whether a compound has multireference character?

We say a system has multireference character if it is not well described at the SCF level by a single configuration/Slater determinant. Not accounting for this can lead to errors in post-SCF methods, ...
17
votes
3answers
299 views

Can DFT be considered an ab initio method?

Note added afterwards: This question also has excellent answers on the Chemistry Stack Exchange: Is density functional theory an ab initio method? I have very little experience with DFT, but coming ...
14
votes
2answers
299 views

How to calculate energy of a molecule in an aligned electric field?

So I am aware that many quantum chemical codes are able to add external fields to molecular calculations (for example to calculate polarizabilities). I also know that in some (eg. Orca) you have some ...
20
votes
3answers
234 views

What is the largest system that has been studied by the coupled cluster method?

This is parallel to the analogous question about the largest DFT calculation: What is the largest material that has been studied using density functional theory? I assume we allow high performance ...
17
votes
2answers
108 views

What approaches are employed to treat amorphous materials?

A lot of materials electronic structure research focuses on periodic structures like polymers, nanotubes/sheets, Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) and crystals, which makes them amenable to PBC ...
16
votes
1answer
88 views

When should geometry relaxation not be performed?

My understanding is that geometry relaxation (i.e. letting the nuclei follow the force gradients of the PES until they reach local minima) should usually be performed in order to get the correct ...
15
votes
0answers
128 views

Is there a software that can do derivatives with respect to user defined vibrational modes? [closed]

I'm doing some property calculations that depend on a sum of derivatives of some quantity with respect to normal vibrational modes. I was hoping to find some physical intuition relating the type of ...
12
votes
2answers
665 views

Total spin and/or multiplicity for transition metal ions?

I am trying to input various charge states of various transition metal ion species into DFT calculations. The program requires an input of multiplicity = 2*(total spin) + 1. I have an undergraduate-...
6
votes
0answers
100 views

How do the various programs read or write integrals in FCIDUMP format?

The FCIDUMP format was created by Peter Knowles and Nick Handy circa 1989 and now allows many electronic structure software packages to interact with each other. ...
20
votes
3answers
166 views

How can quantum computing accelerate materials modeling?

Materials modeling is very computationally intensive and first-principles simulation of a real system of reasonable size typically involves the use of classical supercomputers. How can quantum ...
12
votes
1answer
95 views

What are the practical limitations of R12/F12 methods?

Electron correlation methods based on an expansion of the $N$-electron wavefunction in terms of Slater determinants have a slow basis set convergence. Moreover, explicitly correlated methods (such as ...
7
votes
1answer
60 views

Work Function Problem

2D materials (such as graphene) are mostly exfoliated from their 3D bulk counterpart. I am wondering how we can calculate work function for a 2D material? Normally electrostatic potential in the out-...
22
votes
2answers
193 views

How to overcome the exponential wall encountered in full configurational interaction methods?

Similar to how a molecular orbital, also known as a 1-electron wavefunction, can be represented with a linear combination of “basis” functions, e.g., atomic orbitals (LCAO): $$\Phi(\mathbf{r})=\sum_i^...
14
votes
2answers
117 views

What is the largest system for which vibrationally resolved electronic spectra have been simulated using ML-MCTDH?

Multi-layer Multi-configuration time-dependent Hartree (ML-MCTDH) is a method widely used for simulation of vibrationally resolved electronic spectra that incorporate the coupling between vibrational ...
11
votes
1answer
95 views

Avoiding charge-migration in electronic structure calculations with solvent-like environments

When performing electronic structure calculations on a molecule one can surround it with point charges to mimic a solvent environment and lend polarization effects. There is a bit of a caveat ...
11
votes
2answers
847 views

Is there an energy gap correction factor that needs to be used in DFT calculations?

I am a beginner and have performed the DFT calculation in Quantum ESPRESSO for calculation of the direct and indirect bandgap of Silicon. I found the indirect bandgap to be 0.6551 eV. Now, I have ...
10
votes
3answers
564 views

Codes for post-processing Gaussian cube files?

I have generated MOs of a molecular system and I need to recreate its electronic density via $\rho(r)=\sum_{A_i}|\psi_i(\mathbf{r})|^2$ where $A$ is a set of occupied MOs. I am trying to do this via ...
7
votes
1answer
91 views

What differences are there when modeling metal-organic-frameworks as isolated clusters or periodic solids?

Should I take MOF (metal-organic framework) as a periodic structure or an isolated cluster? What's the difference between them? If it's periodic, can I do an analysis of the electronic structure, such ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Conductivity Computations of Molecular Wires [closed]

I am interested to compute the conductivity properties of some molecular organic wires in SIESTA. Since I am new in SIESTA, I would appreciate a guide for beginners to this field.