Questions tagged [electronic-structure]

For questions concerning electronic structure concepts and calculations.

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Properties that can be deduced from Band structure and DOS

Calculation of band structure and Density of States (DOS) is ubiquitous in matter modelling research publications. What are some properties that can be deduced from a band structure plot and density ...
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4k views

Can DFT be considered an ab initio method?

Note added afterwards: This question also has excellent answers on the Chemistry Stack Exchange: Is density functional theory an ab initio method? I have very little experience with DFT, but coming ...
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When do relativistic effects need to be explicitly included?

For many applications with heavy metals, pseudopotentials can be used to include some amount of relativistic effects. But for what sort of systems does it become necessary to actually use a ...
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3k views

Total spin and/or multiplicity for transition metal ions?

I am trying to input various charge states of various transition metal ion species into DFT calculations. The program requires an input of multiplicity = 2*(total spin) + 1. I have an undergraduate-...
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734 views

Is Heisenberg model or in its simplier form Ising model a good approximation to study magnetic systems?

Heisenberg model $$\hat{H}=-\sum_{\langle i j\rangle}J\hat{S}_i\hat{S}_j$$ And in its simplified version, the Ising model $$\hat{H}=-\sum_{\langle ij\rangle}J\hat{S}_i^z\hat{S}_j^z$$ are widely ...
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What is the physical meaning of occupations='smearing' in Quantum ESPRESSO?

I want to understand, what is the intuition behind using the occupations='smearing' or 'tetrahedra' in Quantum ESPRESSO input file? I mean how we can interpret what is going to happen inside of ...
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466 views

How can I be sure that I have found the conduction band minimum in DFT?

Let's say I want to find the electronic energy bands from DFT calculations in VASP along a chosen path in the Brillouin zone. Now, I want to make sure I choose a path that captures the conduction band ...
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650 views

How to determine, a priori, whether a compound has multireference character?

We say a system has multireference character if it is not well described at the SCF level by a single configuration/Slater determinant. Not accounting for this can lead to errors in post-SCF methods, ...
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What approaches are employed to treat amorphous materials?

A lot of materials electronic structure research focuses on periodic structures like polymers, nanotubes/sheets, Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) and crystals, which makes them amenable to PBC ...
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162 views

What is the largest system for which vibrationally resolved electronic spectra have been simulated using ML-MCTDH?

Multi-layer Multi-configuration time-dependent Hartree (ML-MCTDH) is a method widely used for simulation of vibrationally resolved electronic spectra that incorporate the coupling between vibrational ...
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720 views

How to calculate energy of a molecule in an aligned electric field?

So I am aware that many quantum chemical codes are able to add external fields to molecular calculations (for example to calculate polarizabilities). I also know that in some (eg. Orca) you have some ...
337 views

What are the practical limitations of R12/F12 methods?

Electron correlation methods based on an expansion of the $N$-electron wavefunction in terms of Slater determinants have a slow basis set convergence. Moreover, explicitly correlated methods (such as ...
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2k views

Codes for post-processing Gaussian cube files?

I have generated MOs of a molecular system and I need to recreate its electronic density via $\rho(r)=\sum_{A_i}|\psi_i(\mathbf{r})|^2$ where $A$ is a set of occupied MOs. I am trying to do this via ...
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Is there an energy gap correction factor that needs to be used in DFT calculations?

I am a beginner and have performed the DFT calculation in Quantum ESPRESSO for calculation of the direct and indirect bandgap of Silicon. I found the indirect bandgap to be 0.6551 eV. Now, I have ...
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194 views

Quantifying electronic overlap?

I am trying to understand how to quantify the electronic interaction/conduction/overlap between two metal cores at varying distances. As someone who works primarily with classical MD, and has less ...
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787 views

Work Function Problem

2D materials (such as graphene) are mostly exfoliated from their 3D bulk counterpart. I am wondering how we can calculate work function for a 2D material? Normally electrostatic potential in the out-...
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318 views

What differences are there when modeling metal-organic-frameworks as isolated clusters or periodic solids?

Should I take MOF (metal-organic framework) as a periodic structure or an isolated cluster? What's the difference between them? If it's periodic, can I do an analysis of the electronic structure, such ...
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634 views

Do the U values affect structure optimization with the DFT+U simulation to optimize crystal structure?

I am trying to do structure optimization of TiO2, since titanium is a transition metal, I need to use DFT+U to simulate the right band structure, but the electronic band structure would also affect ...
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282 views

Computing analytic derivatives of molecular Hamiltonians obtained from solving Hartree-Fock equations

I'm currently working on a quantum chemistry project, I am dealing with a second-quantized electronic Hamiltonian (corresponding to some molecule), written in terms of fermionic creation and ...
• 409
438 views

How is the zero energy defined for molecular orbitals?

In DFT and Hartree-Fock bonding orbitals have negative energies while antibonding orbitals have positive energies. Why is this the case? It seems this is due to the zero-point energy being defined for ...
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438 views

Optical Band gap determination from absorption coeffecient using DFT

I am currently working with a perovskite material which shows forbidden transitions. Older studies used bigger values of $\alpha$ in HSE06 calcualtions(to match with experimental Band Gap) but a ...
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680 views

What are the limitations of FCI?

I am aware of the fact that Full Configuration Interaction scales poorly. Taking into account that the number of $n$-times excited Slater determinants of an $N$-particle System with $M$ basis ...
430 views

Why use PySCF/OpenMolcas instead of VASP/QuantumESPRESSO

While I am aware that VASP and QE are widely used for solid-state materials and PySCF/OpenMolcas are primarily designed for molecular systems. I want to know why should I use PySCF/OpenMolcas for ...
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336 views

How to rotate polarizability tensor depending upon the molecular coordinates?

My question is somewhat related to molecular rotation. I have calculated the polarizability tensor of $\ce{HCHO}$ molecule in PSI4. The output tensor is this, ...
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488 views

How can I get started on DFT?

This question is simply: How can we use DFT in the field of electrochemistry? What are the best resources (Books, reviews, papers, software ...) to learn about using DFT in electrochemistry? ...
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151 views

Conductivity Computations of Molecular Wires [closed]

I am interested to compute the conductivity properties of some molecular organic wires in SIESTA. Since I am new in SIESTA, I would appreciate a guide for beginners to this field.
212 views

Calculating first and second derivatives of a molecular Hamiltonian?

I'm interested in computing first and second derivatives of molecular Hamiltonians with respect to nuclear coordinates. I've been using Psi4 and PySCF to perform Hartree-Fock calculations, and I was ...
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Does the RI method actually accelerate basis convergence of MP2, "by one more zeta"?

It is often said that the resolution of the identity (RI) method accelerates the basis set convergence rate of MP2 "by one more zeta", e.g. that RI-MP2/cc-pVTZ/cc-pVTZ results are close to ...
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What input setting in Quantum ESPRESSO will allow me to calculate the free energy of a solid? [closed]

I understand that it's possible to calculate the Gibbs free energy of a system ab initio, see for example: How can we calculate the Gibbs free energy from first principles? I'm wondering how I can do ...
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185 views

Understanding derivation of geminal based methods [closed]

Cross-posted on Reddit. I have been reading through [1] to get a better understanding of geminal based methods. This is one of two questions that I'm asking about that paper on this site, the other ...
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