Questions tagged [free-energy]

Questions about free energy.

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7
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0answers
36 views

Should one consider the spatial degeneracies of the electronic state while calculating the Gibbs free energy?

The Gibbs free energy of a molecule is generally expressed as a sum of translational, rotational, vibrational, electronic and nuclear contributions. The electronic contribution $G_{elec}$ is formally ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

Software for generating ensembles of dimer pairs of organic molecules

For two organic molecules of essentially unlimited size (up to and including, and sometimes exceeding MW = 1000 g/mol), I would like to generate all possible dimer pairs in vacuum. The pairs may be ...
10
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0answers
79 views

Single electron transfer periodic DFT in VASP

I have the following question: I am currently studying the electrocatalytic $\ce{CO2}$ reduction reaction (CO2RR) on $\ce{Cu}$ materials using periodic DFT calculations and I am using the ...
9
votes
1answer
253 views

How can we calculate the Gibbs free energy from first principles?

I am trying to calculate the Gibbs free energy for a bulk material. Since DFT ground state calculations give the energy at 0K, a temperature dependent part has to be added in this to obtain correct ...
7
votes
1answer
52 views

Thermo-Calc: how to suspend specific composition sets?

I am attempting to calculate the driving force of nucleation for several different precipitate phases using TC-Python. To this I want to suspend all phases, except for the matrix phase (e.g. FCC_L12). ...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Is it possible to analytically solve for a particular phase region of a CALPHAD database? (instead of guessing and checking)

As I understand it, a given CALPHAD database is essentially just a set of equations that model the Gibbs free energy of each phase within a given alloy system (set of elements). Typically, the main ...
11
votes
1answer
140 views

How to get order constitution data for single equilibrium calculation in Thermo-Calc's TC Python module?

I know that it is possible to get order constitution data for phases when using Thermo-Calc's GUI (e.g. to get "BCC_B2 DISORD" instead of just "BCC_B2") for a single equilibrium ...
11
votes
0answers
116 views

Calculate free energy for a canonical (NVT) ensemble [closed]

Note: Users wishing to answer this question may write a comment or a message in the chat indicating their desire for the question to be re-opened. I have an NVT ensemble of water molecules (liquid) ...
6
votes
0answers
80 views

Why does Thermo-Calc one axis equilibrium calculation get stuck in never ending loop? [closed]

I've been trying to run a Thermo-Calc one axis equilibrium calculation on some quaternary alloys in the TCHEA4 database. Most of the calculations work fine, but for some alloys it gets stuck in a loop ...
10
votes
1answer
164 views

Can I compute the free energy difference in (temporally) nearby micro-states using the Zwanzig equation for Free Energy Perturbation?

I wanted to understand the Free Energy Perturbation in an NVT ensemble. Wikipedia explains it as: $$ \tag{1} \Delta F = F_1 - F_0 = -\kappa T \ln \left<\exp\left( \frac{-(E_1-E_0)}{\kappa T}\right)...
19
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1answer
290 views

What do phonon dispersion (or lattice dynamics) studies include?

I use the codes phonopy and phonopy-qha for phonon dispersion studies. phonopy-qha gives ...
6
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1answer
99 views

What information about a crystalline solid material goes into calculating phase diagrams in Thermo-Calc, and how?

Gibbs free energy, $G$, for a crystalline solid material could be described as: \begin{equation} G\: =\: H_{T=0}\: +\: H_{T>0}\: +\: \text{ZPE}\: -\: T\cdot S, \end{equation} Where $H$ is enthalpy, ...
14
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3answers
113 views

What thermodynamic data is collected in order to build a CALPHAD model?

To build a model using the CALPHAD approach, i.e. Gibbs free energy as a function of composition and temperature, typically taking the form of a Redlich-Kister polynomial, what kind of thermodynamic ...
8
votes
1answer
111 views

For a Thermo-Calc database, is it possible to view the equation/parameters of the Gibbs free energy models?

I want to get the equations that model free energy for a given phase in a given alloy system (see attached image). I do not just want to get values of free energy for specific compositions. Is it ...
12
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1answer
148 views

What are the methods for calculating solvation effects in free energies and how do they compare?

I've just found this paper (J. Chem. Phys. 141, 174106 (2014)) that deals with the translational and rotational entropies in solution. The method is promising but, unfortunately, requires a ...
11
votes
1answer
208 views

Are there any MD packages that do proper free energy sampling in the NPT ensemble?

Statistical Mechanics is the basis of molecular level calculations of properties and averages. Nowadays free energy calculations are fairly "turn-the-crank", which is not necessarily a good ...
19
votes
1answer
415 views

Difference between potential energy, free energy and Coulomb energy in solid state physics

I often encounter terms such as (Helmholtz, Gibbs) free energy, potential energy and total energy when describing the energy of a physical system at atomic level. Sometimes I stumble upon Coulomb ...
12
votes
3answers
331 views

Is there any definitive evidence that implicit solvation methods are more accurate than explicit solvation methods for free energy calculations?

I am looking for real data that concludes that implicit solvent models are definitively better than explicit solvent models for solvation free energy calculations. The motivation is a lovely reviewer ...
10
votes
1answer
165 views

MM-GBSA from Induced Fit Docking on Maestro

How can an MM-GBSA(molecular mechanics energies combined with generalized Born and surface area continuum solvation) calculation be done from an induced fit docking (IFD) output? I performed an IFD ...
9
votes
1answer
71 views

VASP output energy

Which VASP output energy, after sigma -> 0 or before, do you use when combining with zero point energy and vibrational entropy obtained via vtst tools? (Vtst tools provide the vibrational frequencies ...