Questions tagged [functional]
For questions about the design and use of specific exchange-correlation density functionals
Do I have to use the same functional for dielectric function calculations, as the one used for relaxing the structure?
This is a general question regarding the practices of doing optical calculations and the role of the ionic contribution to the dielectric function (with heavy reference to VASP). Based on VASP's ...
Decay rate of DSD-PBEPBE-D3BJ
I gave up on the wB97X-2(TQZ) functional, which would have an exact decay rate of -1/r, re: my previous question and decided to use DSD-PBEPBE-D3BJ, which is available on vanilla Psi4. I then looked ...
mBJ functional for band structure calculation in VASP
I am currently looking at band structure mainly for a few magnetic compounds, due to having a large super cell my calculations have not converged with HSE06 functional. So I looked at what else is ...
Tips for using Hybrid Functionals in VASP [closed]
I am planning to use HSEO6 to calculate the band structure and DOS of a perovskite super cell. My cell has about 80 atoms. Furthermore I have also used dispersion correction and I will also have to ...
For what DFT functional is useless to add D3 or similar corrections?
I would like to know for which DF is useless to add dispersion corrections. For example, I suppose that for the nonlocal density-based functionals such as wB97M-V it is unnecessary because the ...
DFT functionals from MP2 methods
I have heard people talk about DFT functionals built starting from MP2 corrections. Do you happen to have a reference I read about that from?
Which DFT functional should I use to simulate spectra of pesticides?
I am mainly searching for functionals to calculate spectra of pesticides. I found the benchmark test from Goerigk and Grimme$^1$, but don't understand which of the functionals suits my purpose the ...
What does B3LYP do well? What does it do badly?
I have seen a general criticism of B3LYP in computational chemistry (especially with the 6-31G* basis set). I would like to know some of the more/less obvious problems that occur when using it and ...
Regarding spin-orbit coupling on DFT codes
In most DFT codes like QE and VASP, spin-orbit coupling (SOC) can be incorporated by employing fully relativistic pseudopotentials. My question is with regard to the implementation of SOC among ...
Procedure to classify errors in Kohn-Sham DFT
I was reading this paper which basically outlines the two main types of errors that one encounters in Kohn-Sham DFT : Density-based errors and Functional-based errors. I understand the practical ...
Total energy from KS-DFT: How reliable is it and why?
As the title suggests, my question is fundamental - How reliable are the total energy values from Kohn-Sham Density Functional Theory, and why. I acknowledge that absolute values of energies are ...
HSE06 Starting Guess
In CASTEP, can you start with a converged density for a lower level of theory for a starting guess for HSE06? If you can, what functional is suggested or is it something that will cause more headache ...
Is there a list of all functionals?
A quick google search of the Minnesota Functionals will lead you to the wikipedia page on them where it will state the following: ...
Promising functionals for transition metal chemistry
I'm looking to get your opinions on the most promising density functionals to use for thermochemistry and kinetics of transition metal complexes. However, as eloquently laid out by Tom Manz on this ...
Are meta-GGA functionals SCAN (and its variants) ok to use in planewave DFT with the PBE pseudopotentials?
The meta-GGA SCAN functional has been there for a while. Despite the lack of SCAN (ultrasoft/PAW) pseudopotentials, various works used it in plane-wave pseudopotential calculations with ...
Why are single excitations ignored in the MP2 component of double hybrid functional calculations?
In the original paper by Grimme introducing double hybrid functionals (also summarized in just 3 paragraphs here), it says: "[As] opposed to nonempirical versions of KS-PT2 , the single ...
What is the role of a chemist in computational chemistry?
As someone that wants to learn about computational chemistry, mainly for its use in energy storage materials (and therefore DFT as the most practical method of it), I am wondering what is essential ...
Mathematical expression of SCAN (Strongly Constrained and Appropriately Normed) constraints in DFT
(This question is originally posted on physics stackexchange, but someone suggested me to post on this site, so there you go) I'm compiling the mathematical expression of SCAN (Strongly Constrained ...
Is the electronic band gap the only thing that is affected, when switching from standard KS-DFT to Hybrid functionals?
It is very well known that Kohn-Sham DFT underestimates bandgap. To get an accurate estimate of the bandgap, people often turn to Hybrid functionals (if they don't want to perform the actual ...
Is LDA better than GGA for elastic constants?
I have calculated elastic constants for Si, GaAs, and GaN using LDA and GGA in VASP. LDA is giving better results than GGA for elastic constants. Is there is a reason behind the good results by ...
Justification for use of Screened Functionals
Hybrid density functionals with screened Hartree-Fock exchange at long range have become popular for modeling solids. I'm curious as to what the reasoning is behind this functional form. I understand ...
What are good basis sets and functionals for Ni, Cd and Pb?
I will setup a single point energy calculation using Gaussian for a system containing atoms of B-N-Ni, B-N-Pb and B-N-Cd. The system are slabs of boron-nitride [1,2] interacting with those metals. ...
What are some recent developments in density functional theory?
In the book Materials Modelling Using Density Functional Theory: Properties and Predictions by Feliciano Giustino, a timeline of milestones in DFT was given for achievements between 1964 and 1996: $$\...
Are there problems with the Tran-Blaha modified Becke-Johnson potential (mBJ, a.k.a. TB09) in Quantum ESPRESSO?
I have used the modified Becke-Johnson (mBJ) exchange potential before, as it was developed and implemented in Wien2K by Fabien Tran and Peter Blaha (1). In 2013, Éric Germaneau et al. implemented mBJ ...
Functionals/basis sets optimized with respect to properties?
In general (at least for molecular calculations) basis sets and DFT functionals are fit to some high level calculation or experimental energy. It is speculated that an accurate energy will result in ...
What are the best functionals for transition metal compounds?
Some properties of transition metal compounds can be influenced by static correlation, relativistic effects, and, in some cases, close-lying electronic states could result in difficulties in SCF ...
What is the closest thing we have to "the" universal density functional?
It is understood that finding "the" universal functional is an NP-complete problem. However, progressively better functionals have been constructed decade after decade and fitted to more and more ...