Questions tagged [geometry-optimization]

Questions about finding the molecular or material geometry that has the lowest energy.

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14 votes
3 answers
2k views

Geometry optimization for n-layers in VASP

What is the best way to optimize monolayer geometry in VASP? Should the same method be used for an n-layer (n=2,3,4,5)?
25 votes
2 answers
766 views

Is it right to neglect very small imaginary frequencies?

I'm running a DFT optimization (B3LYP/def2-TZVP) and frequencies in ORCA for a molecule. And I get one or two very small (1-6 cm^-1) imaginary frequencies which corresponds to a slight bend of the ...
  • 2,323
15 votes
3 answers
163 views

Candidate structures for global minimum determination

What are the best packages that can generate candidate structures for quantum chemical optimization (DFT or CCSD) to find the global minimum? I am working on the gas-phase small inorganic clusters (...
24 votes
3 answers
2k views

Geometry optimization: what happens in the algorithm?

Geometry optimization using density functional theory (DFT) is done by moving the atoms of a molecule to get the most stable structure with the lowest possible ground state energy. My question is what ...
  • 1,525
11 votes
1 answer
3k views

When should "vc-relax" be performed over "relax" calculations in Quantum ESPRESSO?

I'm new to Quantum ESPRESSO and I have read that there are several scenarios when relax calculations are preferred over vc-relax calculations, for example in maintaining vacuum while modelling surface....
  • 4,278
11 votes
1 answer
188 views

How would one find a material's equilibrium structure at any specific temperature?

Let's take an example of a simple FCC material, a binary alloy. Above absolute zero K, the alloy will start to disorder and become an FCC solid solution. The alloy would develop defects as it ...
14 votes
1 answer
216 views

Is there a software that has implemented forces of TDDFT calculations for solids?

I'd like to investigate the structural relaxations of the excited state for periodic systems. BSE and TDDFT are two promising methods for this purpose. While there is a discussion on forces with BSE ...
13 votes
1 answer
141 views

Excited state energy gradient during geometry optimization of a target excited state

During the geometry optimization of the ground state of a molecule, we try to optimize the energy gradient with respect to the nuclear positions such that the system remains in its lowest energy state....
11 votes
2 answers
632 views

Analytic gradient for DLPNO-CCSD

Is there a formula for analytical gradients (for geometry optimization) for the DLPNO-CCSD method? I ask because I know that it is not implemented in ORCA. Maybe PNO-CCSD is implemented in MRCC or ...
  • 3,609
6 votes
1 answer
343 views

How does electronic iteration work in a VASP relaxation calculation?

I am a beginner using VASP to do material modeling, and I'm confused about the following questions: How does the electronic iteration work in VASP relaxation calculation? Is the electronic iteration ...
  • 61
12 votes
2 answers
163 views

Permissible amount of forces on ions in a relaxed structure

An equilibrium structure would be at a local minimum but that doesn't happen with all relaxation calculations. Relaxed structures tend to have some resultant forces on ions. What amount of these ...