Questions tagged [ising-model]

Refers to the mathematical model of ferromagnetism in statistical mechanics. The model consists of discrete variables that represent magnetic dipole moments of atomic "spins" that can be in one of two states (+1 or −1).

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6 votes
1 answer
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What is the fundamental difference between the Ising and Potts models?

What I understand is that the only difference between the Ising and Potts models is that Ising has two types of spins, and Potts has n types of spins. However, I am wondering if the Hamiltonian (...
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4 votes
2 answers
100 views

What is a "transient" state?

I was analyzing this source code of the Ising model. I found the term "transient state". I also found the term in this text: There are two absorbing states in this Markov chain because once ...
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1 vote
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How do I initialize the lattice/grid in a Potts Model?

I am studying the Cellular Potts Model Tutorial. However, this doesn't say anything about the grid/lattice initialization. How do I initialize the lattice/grid in a Potts Model? I.e., how do I assign ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is there any useful application to estimating the expectation value for an Ising model without magnetic field?

In the same line of thoughts as this post, I am trying to understand better in which cases quantum computers could be useful to simulate materials under some constraints on what the quantum computer ...
9 votes
1 answer
112 views

Some questions about implementing Swendsen-Wang algorithm

I have a lattice system with two types of sites, namely A and B. Both A and B have a possible up or down spin orientation. There exists $J_\textrm{aa,align}/J_\textrm{aa,mis}$, $J_\textrm{bb,align}/...
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8 votes
1 answer
92 views

What's the most efficient way to obtain the ground state of spin models exactly?

(Note: an earlier version of this question had been asked on Phys.SE before) It is known that finding the ground state of classical spin glasses is NP-hard: it will take (at least) an exponential ...
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18 votes
3 answers
1k views

Ising model: How can I spot the critical point?

Consider a zero-field Ising model with $N$ spins and periodic boundary conditions, with the Hamiltonian given by: $$H = -K \sum _{(ij)} s_i s_j\tag{1}$$ in 1D and 2D, where $K = \frac{J}{k_BT}$, where ...
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9 votes
0 answers
102 views

Coupling between 1st and 2nd order phase transitions? [closed]

I am seeking some models or references on how to couple, or what to take into consideration, while coupling first-order phase transitions (for magnetic systems) and second-order phase transitions, in ...
15 votes
0 answers
210 views

Why does the Wolff algorithm slow down in a 4-body Ising model?

In the paper that introduced "Self-learning MC" (an ML-inspired MC technique, as I understand) the authors consider a many-body Ising model as an example to show the efficiency of their ...
13 votes
1 answer
277 views

Ising models with many-body interactions

I find it surprisingly difficult to find researches/papers on systematic "many-body interaction" extensions of the Ising model. Can somebody tell me a good review/article etc on this matter ...
12 votes
0 answers
118 views

How to choose the values of J and spin parameters in a heterogeneous spin system?

In this work, graphene-based systems that are described by mixed spin-3/2 and spin-5/2 are studied using the ising-model. A diagram of the structure is shown bellow: The Hamiltonian used is: \begin{...
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18 votes
2 answers
574 views

What are good random number generators for Monte Carlo calculations?

Many problems in Computational Physics need the use of random number generators. When studying magnetic materials using the Heisenberg/Ising Hamiltonians (related questions about them can be seen here,...
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8 votes
1 answer
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What measured quantity can be associated to the value of the J parameter in the Heisenberg/Ising hamiltonians?

This question is related to other one here in the MatterModelingSE: Is it possible to calculate/estimate the value of the J parameter to be used in the Heisenberg/Ising hamiltonians? Here J is the ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Is it possible to calculate/estimate the value of the J parameter to be used in the Heisenberg/Ising Hamiltonians?

Studying magnetic systems, two frequently used approximations are the Heisenberg and Ising models (a discussion about these approximations can be read here): \begin{equation} \tag{Heisenberg} \hat{H}...
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12 votes
2 answers
518 views

Autocorrelation function problem in Monte Carlo simulation of 2D Ising model

Currently, I did a Monte Carlo simulation with the local update and Wolff cluster updated in 2D classical Ising model. I use the autocorrelation function to compare 2 different algorithm in critical ...
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14 votes
1 answer
437 views

Is Heisenberg model or in its simplier form Ising model a good approximation to study magnetic systems?

Heisenberg model $$\hat{H}=-\sum_{\langle i j\rangle}J\hat{S}_i\hat{S}_j$$ And in its simplified version, the Ising model $$\hat{H}=-\sum_{\langle ij\rangle}J\hat{S}_i^z\hat{S}_j^z$$ are widely ...
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28 votes
0 answers
334 views

Where/when did the fields of Operations Research and Spin Physics or Molecular Dynamics begin to cross-pollinate?

Operations Research is a field of mathematics in which optimal or near-optimal solutions are sought for complicated problems. In the modeling of materials, we often optimize Ising models, in which the ...
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