Questions tagged [lattice-dynamics]

Questions related to the lattice dynamics of solids.

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2 answers
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How to quantify the lattice distortion from XRD?

In real crystals, the atoms may not always sit at their ideal lattice sites. How to quantify this lattice distortion? Based on my understanding from X-ray diffraction books, the Radial Distribution ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What's the Difference between Lattice Statics and Lattice Dynamics?

For example, in something like the General Utility Lattice Program, you perform structural optimisation and then use phonons to calculate properties like elastic constants etc. The latter part seems ...
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What is the meaning of Coulomb Subtraction?

Specifically, in the General Utility Lattice Program (GULP) 2003 paper, in the methods section on Two-body Short-range Interactions we have the following: For covalently bonded atoms, it is often ...
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8 votes
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Why volume of unit cell is not the same as cubing the lattice constant?

I have a cubic-FCC with a=b=c and $\alpha$=$\beta$=$\gamma$=$90^o$. As far as I understand the volume of this cubic unit cell should be a cube of the lattice constant. But this not the case I am ...
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9 votes
2 answers
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Pressure applied DFT calculations in Quantum ESPRESSO

I am trying to perform the pressure-induced DFT calculations in Quantum ESPRESSO. For this, I have calculated the lattice constant of the cubic structure by vc-relax...
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9 votes
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Is there an upper limit of temperature after which the quasi-harmonic approximation (QHA) fails?

I can't seem to articulate what made me ask this question but it sprang up when I asked: What does it mean to say a material is 'anharmonic'?. I've heard before that the electronic entropy ...
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14 votes
2 answers
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What does it mean to say a material is 'anharmonic'?

I understand that a harmonic picture of the potential in a material isn't enough to study lattice dynamics thoroughly. The quasi-harmonic approximation is a good workaround and helps incorporate ...
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10 votes
0 answers
193 views

Phonon density of states as a function of frequency vs energy [closed]

Lattice dynamics codes like Phonopy output density of states, $g_{(\omega)}$, as a function of frequency. Since $\int g_{(\omega)}d\omega$ is the number of states ...
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13 votes
1 answer
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Phonon density of states in statistical thermodynamics

Phonon density of states (DoS), $g_{(\omega_i)}$, help understand the distribution of states across frequencies of vibration. $\int g_{(\omega_i)}d\omega_i =$ the number of states between $\omega_i$ ...
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17 votes
2 answers
756 views

How to deduce phase transitions from a phonon calculation?

I came across the concept of using phonons to establish a material's dynamical stability, based on whether or not imaginary frequencies are present in its phonon band structure. What I am struggling ...
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13 votes
2 answers
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Can we do anything to reduce the number of displacements in a frozen phonon lattice dynamics study?

I realize that the more ordered the supercell is, the lower the number of displacements. Perhaps, we could say the same with respect to symmetry. Is there anything that can be done to reduce the ...
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19 votes
1 answer
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What do phonon dispersion (or lattice dynamics) studies include?

I use the codes phonopy and phonopy-qha for phonon dispersion studies. phonopy-qha gives ...
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