Questions tagged [molecular-modeling]

Questions to do with molecular modeling.

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8
votes
2answers
638 views

Is there a benchmark paper that takes into account how often each molecule is studied?

There are many benchmark sets in different branches of computational chemistry and physics, that are frequently used to assess the "average error" of a method for a certain property, on a ...
6
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0answers
36 views

Any Open-Source, Free Software That Can Be Used to Computationally Calculate Binding Affinity Between Two Molecules?

There are programs out there which calculate the binding affinity between a ligand and a target protein (Autodock 4, Autodock Vina, Chimera... etc). Is there any analogous program that can be used to ...
10
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1answer
77 views

Recommendation of open source software that could build Heterostructure models visually?

I am looking for open-source software that could help me to build Heterostructure models visually, I've been working with BIOVIA Materials Studio before, but I got no valid license now, so I'd like to ...
7
votes
1answer
71 views

Symmetry group of p-benzoquinone

I am trying to calculate the UV-visible spectrum of p-benzoquinone. In the literature, the point group of p-benzoquinone is $D_{2h}$, but when I optimize this molecule in the ground state with ...
10
votes
3answers
234 views

How to plot molecules with angles and bond lengths

There are many programs out there where you pass an XYZ coordinate file and the program will give you a visualization of the molecule. I want to make a plot like the one in the picture, with bond ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

How to rotate of polarizability tensor depending upon the molecular coordinates?

My question is somewhat related to molecular rotation. I have calculated the polarizability tensor of HCHO molecule in PSI4. The output tensor is this, ...
10
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2answers
98 views

ASE convesion of Trajectory file to XDATCAR

The issue here is while converting a TRAJ file to POSCAR, it works. But, for TRAJ to XDATCAR, it shows TypeError: images should be a sequence of Atoms objects. (...
8
votes
1answer
49 views

Confused about the application/definition of improper torsions

The only basic definition of improper torsion/improper dihedral I have is - improper dihedral is formed when we have a central atom bonded to the three atoms. Can anyone help me visualize/help to ...
8
votes
2answers
169 views

Building model of Graphene Oxide

I used to build some small molecules using Avogadro. Now, I want to build a large molecule, Graphene oxide which unfortunately doesn't have a definite structure with different levels of oxidation. Can ...
13
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2answers
391 views

What kind of systems do we need to coarse-grain to observe interesting phenomena?

When I go to talks, I hear the statement "coarse-graining is required to access spatio-temporal scales to observe important dynamical behavior for stimuli-responsive systems" before they go ...
17
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3answers
2k views

What does ns/day mean in high-performance computing?

In MD simulation benchmarking, you often see performance expressed in terms of ns/day and hours/ns. How do I translate these ...
11
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2answers
506 views

Why can MD simulations not handle "exotic" materials?

We are all aware of the fact that MD Simulations using force fields can treat very big systems. But they cannot handle "exotic" materials. Why?
8
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1answer
336 views

Given the adjacency matrix of a molecule, how can I get a graphical representation using only open source software?

In Huckel Method, by numbering the sp2 carbons in a molecule with conjugated double bonds, we can assemble its secular determinant in a form similar to the adjacency matrix of a graph. Taking trans-...
8
votes
1answer
169 views

Calculating compressibility from a molecular dynamics simulation: what is meant by "volume fluctuation"?

I am trying to calculate isothermal compressibility from an NPT molecular dynamics simulation, but am not that experienced and don't know how to use an expression from a paper to do it. The part that ...
5
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4answers
371 views
3
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1answer
23 views

Question regarding conflicting results of checking the electron-preciseness of isoelectronic species via NBO and EHM calculations

(Cross-posting from Chemistry.SE due to recommendation that this be posted here; see comment section) It is well known that the tert-butyl cation's empty 2p orbital on the central carbon is stabilised ...
5
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0answers
73 views

How can I add double bonds to Triazine-derivatives for OpenBabel generation of pdbqt files? [closed]

The double bonds are initially present at the sdf file but disappear or are misplaced after .pdbqt conversion. I tried all kinds of combinations using renumbering ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Determining the geometry of UOx and WOx for (x=1-3)

Is there a way to work out the geometries for the $\ce{UO_x}$ and $\ce{WO_x}$ species for ($x=1-3$). I know that deducing the multiplicity (the number of unpaired electrons) in d and f block ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Density functional theory and oxygen spin

I would like to perform single-point/geometry-optimization/NEB calculations on systems involving both molecular oxygens and adsorbed oxygens. Reductions by hydrogens are also involved. I am still ...
6
votes
2answers
190 views

How to find out the multiplicities of molecules containing d and f block species?

I know that the U atom has four unpaired electrons. Therefore it has a total spin S of 2. This means its multiplicity is 2S+1 = 5. Now consider a complicated molecule such as $UF_6$. In theory all I ...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

What is the polarization catastrophe?

I heard about the polarization catastrophe in a talk about polarizable force fields. The speaker talked about how the dipole induction is damped at short range to avoid the “polarization catastrophe&...
9
votes
1answer
329 views

I generated Wannier centers but am having trouble understanding how they relate to the atoms in my system: there are more Wannier centers than atoms?

I'm trying to calculate dipole moments from Wannier centers for the first time and there are basics I don't understand and can't figure out from online resources. The software I'm using has a simple &...
7
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0answers
66 views

Molecular Structure Vectorization for Computational Quantum Mechanics [closed]

What are the different ways that a molecule can be encoded into a vector? My answer to that question would employ machine learning but maybe there are other approaches, perhaps analytical, e.g., graph ...
8
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0answers
94 views

References related to the molecular distance geometry problem (estimating true distances based on noisy distances)

One aspect of the molecular distance geometry problem (MDGP) described in this PDF, can be written as follows: "Given observations of noisy distances between atoms in a molecule, estimate the ...
9
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2answers
98 views

Classes of Graphs used in Chemistry

I am looking for common categories of graphs used in chemistry, for math research I am doing in graph theory. When I write categories, the meaning is not for graphs design or types of design, but for ...
7
votes
2answers
102 views

What quantity to perform CBS extrapolation on for adsorption/binding energies?

When calculating complete basis set extrapolations for quantities, such as adsorption energies or binding energies, which depend on the difference between three quantities (i.e. $E_\textrm{prop} = E_\...
10
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2answers
172 views

Transformation between two different sets of molecular vibrational normal coordinate systems

Lets assume we have $N$ Atoms and we treat them within the Born-Oppenheimer Approximation. We can calculate the adiabatic electronic groundstate potential. Lets assume we observe two local minima, ...
7
votes
3answers
194 views

LAMMPS data files, making atom IDs contiguous

I sometimes need to remove atoms from LAMMPS datafiles by hand, removing each row that corresponds to an atomID I want to remove, then decrementing the total atom count. This causes the atom IDs to no ...
6
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0answers
37 views

Construction of dimeric protein models, selection and refinement [closed]

I want to perform a molecular docking between a protein of interest and several ligands. This membrane protein has a transmembrane domain composed of an alpha helix structure, which exerts it's ...
10
votes
1answer
233 views

How to calculate the band structure of a protein molecule

I want to calculate the band structure of a protein molecule. How can I do it using Siesta of Gaussian? I am thinking about QE/VASP as the number of atoms are 600 and computationally it is not ...
8
votes
1answer
102 views

If a molecule's theoretical formation energy is positive, can it still be synthesized?

I have designed a molecule using hydrocarbons A and B. I am getting the formation energy slightly positive (~0.04 eV). As per my experience, any positive formation energy means that the designed ...
5
votes
1answer
58 views

What are the more efficient, or easier, methods of handling electromagnetic interactions?

Since metals, metalloids, non-metals, and composites, have differing characteristics, plug-and-play methods, so to speak, would be useful. Also, as it’s well known that a moving electrical field ...
12
votes
1answer
165 views

Functional group detection from geometry

I am currently looking for an efficient way to detect common functional groups - that is, characterize whether a molecule is an alcohol, an aromatic compound, etc. - in a larger database consisting of ...
8
votes
1answer
79 views

How to calculate the volumetric energy density of a molecule?

I am trying to store hydrogen in a hydrocarbon. The example can be taken as cyclohexane ($\ce{C6H12}$) which is in a hydrogen-rich state. Its hydrogen-lean state is Benzene. I want to calculate the ...
9
votes
1answer
287 views

How can I implement the Cartesian harmonics?

I'm studying the quantum chemistry calculation and now trying to implement the basic methods. For example, given a water molecule, $M = {(\ce{O}, R_\ce{O}), (\ce{H}, R_\ce{H}), (\ce{H}, R_\ce{H})}$, ...
5
votes
1answer
50 views

Bulding host-guest polymer system for molecular dynamics

I'm thinking of running MD simulation of poling process (heating and cooling in external electric field) of host-guest polymer system: organic chromophore in polymer matrix (PMMA or polycarbonate). So,...
11
votes
1answer
174 views

Unable to recreate data for benzene from paper in GROMACS 2020.5

I have been trying to simulate benzene in OPLSS-AA forcefield as per this paper: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/ct2002122. I have been at a loss, since I believe I have everything running as per the ...
12
votes
2answers
87 views

What are some of the advantages and disadvantages when using shape consistent pseudopotentials as compared to energy consistent pseduopotentials

From the literature as well as the answer to the question What is the meaning of energy-consistent and shape-consistent in the context of pseudopotentials? I can see that the key difference between ...
14
votes
1answer
152 views

Why are Norm-conserving Pseudopotentials considered so important?

So I am aware that a norm-conserving pseudopotential enforces the conditions that: Inside the cut-off radius, the norm of each pseudo-wavefunction is identical to its corresponding all-electron ...
14
votes
1answer
494 views

Gaussian-type orbitals vs Slater-type orbitals in terms of computational efficiency

When creating molecular orbitals via the linear combination of atomic orbitals method I am told that Slater orbitals provide a more accurate representation whilst Gaussian orbitals are computationally ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

What is the meaning of energy-consistent and shape-consistent in the context of pseudopotentials?

I am trying to use pseudopotentials to model scattering from heavy molecules. However, I am confused by some of the terminologies of pseudopotentials/ECPs: Norm-conserving according to Wikipedia and ...
0
votes
1answer
311 views

Has there been any research on the stability of buckminsterfullerene?

C60 can refer to any substance composed of molecules with 60 carbon atoms. Buckminsterfullerene on the other hand is specifically the substance composed of soccer ball shape molecules with 60 carbon ...
7
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0answers
59 views

Should one normalize the "features" in binary fingerprints? [closed]

In regression models to predict chemical compounds' activities, fingerprints are often used as features. Should one normalize a fingerprint feature to be in the 0-1 range?
9
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0answers
83 views

Calculating single electron transfer

I'm thinking about doing some computational research about pyrazoline oxidation in chlorinated solvents under light. I've found plausible mechanism (article) that involves single electron transfer ...
11
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2answers
306 views

How to delete a selection with Avogadro2 (Ubuntu 20.x)?

For reason that I did not understand Avogadro has been phased out of Ubuntu 20.x and the available package Avogadro2 is instead another branch of the package, which ...
11
votes
1answer
109 views

Interpret 2D and 3D data from a PubChem summary of organometallic molecule? Can I "flatten" it when showing on a surface?

I need to "build" an organometallic molecule in Blender/Python then represent it resting on a crystal surface. I'm looking at a PubChem summary for Chloroaluminum phthalocyanine and I can ...
9
votes
1answer
123 views

Normalization condition in evaluating the radial distribution function for a hard-spheres system

I am trying to simulate a 3D hard-spheres in a box system in Python. The idea behind this is that I have to create a system in a 1x1x1 box with periodic boundary conditions and with $N = 500$ ...
53
votes
3answers
9k views

DeepMind just announced a breakthrough in protein folding, what are the consequences?

There was some recent media reporting about a purported Google breakthrough on applying machine learning techniques to tackle the protein folding problem, as told for example in this news article, ...
7
votes
1answer
94 views

For ergodicity, what is the significance of the R value and slope?

I am calculating MSDs for the first time and have been struggling to find newbie-level resources on understanding them. If anyone could please suggest any resources or provide guidance on how to ...
12
votes
1answer
99 views

How can one computationally determine the flammability of a molecular system?

I can imagine one aspect of flammability (the ability of a substance to ignite on fire) to include calculating the kinetics and thermodynamics of the reaction of the system with oxygen. This is not ...