Questions tagged [orbitals]

For questions about properties and types of orbitals

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4 votes
0 answers
48 views
+100

Do the orbital energies of ground-state Dyson orbitals exactly capture arbitrary excitation energies and/or ionisation potentials/electron affinities?

According to an answer to my question on whether the Kohn-Sham orbital energies theoretically exactly capture arbitrary ionisation potentials and/or excitation energies, the answer is no for both ...
6 votes
2 answers
181 views

Closed-form expression for excitation energies, given the exact XC functional

In an answer to my question regarding the theoretical rigour in computing excitation energies using only the Kohn-Sham orbital energies, the rigour turned out to be nonexistent. After looking this ...
3 votes
1 answer
139 views

How to determine the concrete value for the wavenumber in tight-binding approximation

As a simple problem setting, consider a one-dimensional linear crystal of NaCl with only 1s orbitals, where the atomic distance between Na and Cl is also assumed to be 0.5 Å for simplicity (Fig. 1). ...
  • 1,647
4 votes
1 answer
97 views

Molecular orbital values on grid points in PySCF?

I am looking for a way to easily evaluate individual molecular orbitals on a grid(assuming a single determinant method for now) in PySCF. I am aware on how to generate efficient grids for real-space ...
  • 178
3 votes
0 answers
47 views

What is the difference between NBO program and NBO that we find in Gaussian?

I'm a little bit lost with NBO (natural bond orbital) analysis in Gaussian. I was told that pop=NBO in Gaussian gives me the charges of atoms, but that the NBO ...
  • 175
5 votes
1 answer
78 views

How can I distinguish between n, pi, pi* orbitals when looking for excited states?

I recently asked about how to distinguish between transition types. I got an answer there about determining the character or type of the orbitals. My problem now is that I'm not sure how to determine ...
  • 175
5 votes
0 answers
51 views

How to select the projections and inner/outer window for Wannier90 calculations?

I am new to Wannier90 calculations. I am trying to obtain the Wannier functions and Wannier interpolated band structure. But I am having a problem in setting the parameters like ...
  • 2,421
10 votes
1 answer
395 views

How to calculate molecular orbitals of octaoxygen under high pressure?

This question about octaoxygen: Why is octaoxygen diamagnetic?, was asked in chemistry, but I really don't have an answer in terms of molecular orbitals. I think it could be a mixing of the O$_2$'s $\...
  • 593
9 votes
1 answer
81 views

Too large value of s-orbital in near nucleus

After my previous question (here), I'm now studying the orbitals actually used in Gaussian through calculating them myself using Basis Set Exchange data. However, I found that some orbital exponents ...
  • 1,647
9 votes
3 answers
237 views

The number of orbitals in Gaussian/GAMESS log file

After calculating the energy of a $\ce{CH4}$ molecule with a 6-31G(d,p) basis set, I obtained the Gaussian/GAMESS log file and describe a part of the log file as follows. ...
  • 1,647
17 votes
1 answer
1k views

Do we know for sure that all atomic and molecular wavefunctions decay exponentially as r goes to infinity?

Slater type orbitals (STO) are considered to be more accurate than gaussian type orbitals (GTO) for atomic and molecular QM calculations because - among other reasons - they decay with $e^{-\alpha r}$ ...
  • 593
10 votes
0 answers
296 views

How to visualize natural atomic orbitals from PySCF [closed]

I'm trying to visualize the different methods of getting localized orbital (LO) given in the User Guide. I went through the example, saved the orbitals as cube files, then opened the files in ...
  • 193
8 votes
1 answer
47 views

Does the INIWAV tag in VASP assume that the wavefunctions are plane waves?

I am trying to figure out how to set the initial wavefunction in VASP, on the VASP wiki page of INIWAV, it is said that VASP would fill wavefunction arrays with random numbers. ...
  • 1,823
7 votes
0 answers
66 views

Is the formula of a Dyson orbital independent of whether there is degeneracy or not in the HOMO of the neutral?

A Dyson orbital is defined as: $$ \textrm{Dy}(x) = \int dx_1 \ldots dx_{N-1} \, (\Psi^+(x_1,\ldots,x_{N-1}))^* \, \Psi^0(x_1,\ldots,x_{N-1}, x),\tag{1} $$ where $\Psi^0$ and $\Psi^+$ are the total ...
  • 595
5 votes
1 answer
228 views

Modify ORCA orbitals for CASSCF

I have run a HF calculation on naphthalene and I have checked the MOs that have been obtained. Now, I have to select my active and inactive orbitals for CASCF(10,10). As there are 34 occupied orbitals,...
6 votes
0 answers
34 views

Confused by NBO output, due to missing bonds [closed]

I'm about to do an NBO analysis to evaluate bond characteristics in a novel transition-metal complex. As I have never done anything like that, I tried to understand the basic output for an octahedral ...
  • 121
10 votes
1 answer
106 views

Orthonormality of Kohn-Sham orbitals

I was wondering if Kohn-Sham orbitals corresponding to a different Bloch wavevector should be orthogonal? I know that we should have $$\int d \boldsymbol{r}\phi_i(\boldsymbol{r}) \phi_j^*(\boldsymbol{...
6 votes
0 answers
63 views

Orbital space clustering [closed]

I am interested in how the orbital space of a system can be partitioned into clusters. I read reading 'Cluster many-body expansion: A many-body expansion of the electron correlation energy about a ...
  • 1,829
9 votes
1 answer
351 views

Molecular orbitals and active space

During the same minute as asking this question, I also asked this at Quantum Computing SE. In Qiskit, each qubit corresponds to one spin orbital. For example, the $\ce{N2}$ molecule would have 10 ...
5 votes
0 answers
102 views

Predict the density of states (DOS) diagram for rhenium oxide (ReO3) from the molecular orbital diagram [closed]

Yesterday I made this query on Chemistry Stack Exchange, and a user has felt that perhaps here I will get a quicker answer. The structure of rhenium(VI) oxide, $\ce{ReO3}$, is similar to that of ...
  • 461
8 votes
2 answers
597 views

Is the number of basis functions same in the different atoms in the 6-31G basis set?

I'm now studying the quantum chemistry calculation and Gaussian basis set. For example, when using the 6-31G basis set, the C atom has 6 basis functions in 1s orbital: 3+1=4 in $2s$, 3+1=4 in $2p_x$, ...
  • 1,647
11 votes
2 answers
533 views

Critical difference and roles of Slater- and Gaussian-type orbitals

I was very interested in the following question and answer about the Slater- and Gaussian-type orbitals (STO and GTO) used in quantum chemistry and a practical calculation. Gaussian-type orbitals vs ...
  • 1,647
12 votes
1 answer
346 views

How to calculate and plot localised orbitals with xTB?

The question is similar to How to calculate/plot molecular orbitals with XTB? Hence we can produce molden files from xTB calculations, which include the molecular orbitals. How do I proceed to get ...
7 votes
0 answers
88 views

Is there a software package to analyse interactions in crystals? [closed]

I have been using Quantum ESPRESSO, specifically the pp.x module to study interactions via charge density plots. The process is slow as for crystals containing ...
  • 159
5 votes
0 answers
42 views

Kinetic energy cut-off for Gaussian-type orbitals when applying periodic boundary conditions [duplicate]

I have a solid with PBC (periodic boundary conditions) and I want to perform a DFT simulation. I use GTO as the basis. In a paper I read, I can transform the GTO to a Bloch function (crystalline ...
  • 261
9 votes
1 answer
340 views

How can I implement the Cartesian harmonics?

I'm studying the quantum chemistry calculation and now trying to implement the basic methods. For example, given a water molecule, $M = {(\ce{O}, R_\ce{O}), (\ce{H}, R_\ce{H}), (\ce{H}, R_\ce{H})}$, ...
  • 93
15 votes
1 answer
944 views

Gaussian-type orbitals vs Slater-type orbitals in terms of computational efficiency

When creating molecular orbitals via the linear combination of atomic orbitals method I am told that Slater orbitals provide a more accurate representation whilst Gaussian orbitals are computationally ...
  • 831
5 votes
0 answers
220 views

How can I calculate and plot the molecular orbitals (MO's) from the Gaussian wavefunction file? [closed]

This a follow-up question to my previous question. And as per the answer one could create M.O orbitals from the primitives. As a new user of Gaussian, is there any method (or algorithm) to followed so ...
  • 947
7 votes
1 answer
175 views

How do I interpret the Gaussian16 wavefunction file?

I'm new to gaussian16. The wave function file that I obtain as a result of the "Energy" calculation. It consists of five distinct parts : PART 1 : ...
  • 947
8 votes
1 answer
545 views

How to get the .47 file from ORCA for natural bonding orbital analysis

I am trying to perform NBO analysis with relaxed density matrix with the open-source program JANPA. I am following the guide here. The first step is to get the NBO input .47 file from Orca v4.2.1. The ...
  • 5,834
9 votes
1 answer
209 views

How are molecular orbitals constructed from the coefficients and basis set?

When an SCF calculation is done in a QM program, the MO coefficients of the solution are printed into the output. Now, graphical softwares can plot 3D molecular orbitals from these coefficients, ...
  • 5,834
9 votes
1 answer
198 views

How to calculate/plot molecular orbitals with XTB?

I started playing with the XTB program (XTB is developed by Prof. Grimme group's, is based on tight binding and uses the GFN force field). Question: How can I calculate/plot the molecular orbitals? I ...
  • 19.2k
12 votes
2 answers
415 views

Is there any relation between static correlation and finite-temperature smearing?

I am new to this field, so there is a chance that I am mixing two entirely different concepts together, but it seems to be that static correlation and finite-temperature smearing in DFT are somehow ...
  • 5,834
6 votes
0 answers
146 views

Unresolvable inconsistency between charge and multiplicity and orbital occupancies. Error while Distance Scan [closed]

I get the message mentioned in the title after a distance scan with a Gaussian calculation. I have bound a gold atom to a carbon in the pyridine ring and now pull this further and further out with a ...
  • 776
15 votes
2 answers
185 views

What is the difference between orbital localisation and NBO?

I am new to computational chemistry, I have used mainly GAMESS and Orca. In GAMESS, there are orbital localisation schemes like Pipek-Mezey, Ruedenberg-Edminston, etc. which generate orbitals that ...
  • 5,834
10 votes
1 answer
253 views

How to interpret molden AO/MO coefficients?

A simple calculation with Molpro 2012 on H2 molecule in cc-pvtz basis produces a molden file with 28 molecular orbitals. Each MO is defined with 30 AO/MO coefficient, but the number of symmetric AOs ...
  • 103
11 votes
5 answers
1k views

Plotting of natural bond orbitals (NBOs)

Which quantum chemistry programs can compute natural bond orbitals (NBOs)? Which visualisation tools can I use subsequently to plot pictures of the NBOs?
  • 1,411