Questions tagged [quantum-chemistry]

For questions about quantum chemistry.

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5
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0answers
22 views

What are some examples where TD-DFT was successful and where it fell short in describing photophysical or photochemical processes?

Time-dependent Density Functional Theory has been around for quite a while now, Runge, Erich; Gross, E. K. U. (1984). "Density-Functional Theory for Time-Dependent Systems". Physical Review ...
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How does one project out the translations and rotations from a hessian?

I've recently written a simple code to numerically compute the hessian of some function (at a point). Most electronic structure packages will compute the hessian and then project out the translations ...
12
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2answers
56 views

What are some of the advantages and disadvantages when using shape consistent pseudopotentials as compared to energy consistent pseduopotentials

From the literature as well as the answer to the question What is the meaning of energy-consistent and shape-consistent in the context of pseudopotentials? I can see that the key difference between ...
12
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1answer
79 views

What is a good practical way to determine whether or not I need to use a multiconfigurational method?

I’m planning to run a calculation of single electron transfer where my system goes from singlet to triplet biradical (presumably). So I’m wondering how to decide if I need to use milticonfigurational ...
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Why are Norm-conserving Pseudopotentials considered so important?

So I am aware that a norm-conserving pseudopotential enforces the conditions that: Inside the cut-off radius, the norm of each pseudo-wavefunction is identical to its corresponding all-electron ...
12
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1answer
154 views

Gaussian-type orbitals vs Slater-type orbitals in terms of computational efficiency

When creating molecular orbitals via the linear combination of atomic orbitals method I am told that Slater orbitals provide a more accurate representation whilst Gaussian orbitals are computationally ...
6
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1answer
88 views

What is the meaning of energy-consistent and shape-consistent in the context of pseudopotentials?

I am trying to use pseudopotentials to model scattering from heavy molecules. However, I am confused by some of the terminologies of pseudopotentials/ECPs: Norm-conserving according to Wikipedia and ...
6
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50 views

Two-stage unbinding & binding energies with DFT

I'm trying to calculate the stability of the product of a coordinate bonding process of molecules A and B in the polarizable continuum solvent model (PCM, solvent set to water). I'm getting energies ...
8
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1answer
78 views

How to get the .47 file from ORCA for natural bonding orbital analysis

I am trying to perform NBO analysis with relaxed density matrix with the open-source program JANPA. I am following the guide here. The first step is to get the NBO input .47 file from Orca v4.2.1. The ...
11
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1answer
487 views

When do we abandon ab initio methods?

This question is related to (and was originally asked in) another post about "quantum protectorates" I made here. Ab initio methods are nice because they directly solve a sort of "...
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1answer
151 views

Has there been any research on the stability of buckminsterfullerene?

C60 can refer to any substance composed of molecules with 60 carbon atoms. Buckminsterfullerene on the other hand is specifically the substance composed of soccer ball shape molecules with 60 carbon ...
6
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1answer
81 views

Is it possible to get complex numbers as solutions for a secular determinant in simple Hückel method (SHM)?

Past semester we revisited the Hückel molecular orbital theory at class. One day I was trying to solve some problems with SymPy, a Python module that is a computer algebra system (CAS), and noticed ...
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1answer
46 views

Error running psi4 on charged molecules

I am running a simple energy calculation on a conformer of 3-Sulfopropyl methacrylate, which is given my C=C(C)C(=O)OCCCS(=O)(=O)[O-]. This is my workflow: ...
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13answers
5k views

Is it better for me to study chemistry or physics?

I might decide to pursue material science. Aptitude and background I am from the UK, and for A-levels, I am studying Maths, Further Maths, Physics and Chemistry, and I am predicted decent grades in ...
11
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1answer
381 views

Are there examples of ab initio predictions on small molecules without the “major approximations”?

In most textbooks the precise Schrödinger euqation of a molecule is given (and the "beautiful thing" stops here), then born oppenheimer approximation is made, then layers of other ...
9
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1answer
99 views

Energy decomposition analysis (EDA) at transition state

I am trying to understand the interaction between the nucleophile and the substrate for some SN2 reactions (e.g. $\ce{I- +CH3Cl->CH3I + Cl-}$) at the transition states. Now, it seems that EDA would ...
10
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1answer
107 views

What are the trade-offs setting DIRSCF to either .TRUE. or .FALSE. (the default) in GAMESS (US)?

The first software I used to run calculations was Gaussian09. When submitting a input, I used to see a pattern of resource usage where the allocated CPU quickly maxed out, remaining high most of the ...
10
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1answer
64 views

How to understand the formation of covalent bond from the viewpoint of wavefunction interaction?

The formation of the covalent bond is usually understood from the electron sharing, like explained by the following figure: However, this simple physical picture seemingly hinders many things. In ...
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3answers
1k views

What does “level of theory” mean?

I was reading this paper on the QM9 synthetic molecular database and their computed properties. It is stated that All properties were calculated at the B3LYP/6-31G(2df,p) level of quantum chemistry. ...
10
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1answer
263 views

Does One-to-One Correspondence of Hohenberg Kohn Theorem Mean Bijective or Injective and How to Prove it?

I have asked a similar question but after thinking about it I have a more specific question. According to Ullrich, Carsten A.. Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory : Concepts and Applications, the ...
15
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2answers
77 views

What is the difference between orbital localisation and NBO?

I am new to computational chemistry, I have used mainly GAMESS and Orca. In GAMESS, there are orbital localisation schemes like Pipek-Mezey, Ruedenberg-Edminston, etc. which generate orbitals that ...
16
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1answer
1k views

Does the Schrödinger equation have unique solutions?

I am learning DFT and the Hohenberg Kohn Theorem of Existence. It says that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the external potential and the density. However the proofs that I have seen ...
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How to interpret second order perturbation theory analysis from NBO calculations? [closed]

The question is quite simple — how to interpret NBO results of second order perturbation theory analysis? As I have read several papers the most important interactions are $\pi\rightarrow\pi^{*}$, $LP\...
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1answer
177 views

How to explain Density Functional Theory results to an experimentalist?

When we present our Density Functional Theory simulation results e.g. lattice parameters, stacking fault energies, band gaps, etc. to people who are experimentalists then the very first question ...
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1answer
370 views

High precision helium energy

In the paper "High Precision Theory of Atomic Helium", Drake lists the then best-known ground state energy of the Schrödinger equation for helium to 22 digits as: $$\lambda_0 \approx -2....
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1answer
42 views

How can I determine the maximum value of a spin orbital and its derivative in any direction?

I'd like to be able to recover the maximum value that any of the basis functions can take, as well as their maximum derivative. How can I do this? For context, I need it because I want to calculate ...
10
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2answers
77 views

Analytic Hessians for meta-GGA functionals

In many of the free/open-source QM programs like GAMESS, ORCA, NWChem, the calculation of analytic hessians is not possible when a meta-GGA density functional is used, like M06-2X. My first question ...
9
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2answers
229 views

Normalization constant and Roothaan Equations

Roothaan Hall Equations: The Hartree-Fock equations are a set of modified Schrodinger equations: $f_{i}\psi_{m}=\epsilon_{m}\psi_{m}$ where: The Fock operator ($f_{i}$) is given by (restricted case): ...
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1answer
554 views

How to fix Error Link9999 in Gaussian

I have a problem with geometry optimization in Gaussian software with M062X method. The structure was smoothly optimized using M062X/Gen. Nevertheless, I need very accurate results so afterwards the ...
5
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1answer
96 views

What are the other matrix elements in singlet symmetry-adapted CISD?

Szabo/Ostlund list the CI matrix elements between singlet symmetry-adapted configurations (SAC) in Table 4.1 of their book: $$ \langle ^1\Psi^r_ a \lvert \mathcal{H} - E_ 0 \rvert ^1\Psi^r_ a \rangle, ...
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3answers
129 views

Candidate structures for global minimum determination

What are the best packages that can generate candidate structures for quantum chemical optimization (DFT or CCSD) to find the global minimum? I am working on the gas-phase small inorganic clusters (...
8
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1answer
113 views

Is this G16 molecular hyperpolarizability error reproducible in other software?

I was trying to calculate the hyperpolarizability $\beta$ of a cluster of two water molecules in Gaussian16 using the route card: ...
9
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1answer
71 views

What are some good ways to model radicals and similar intermediates of reactions

Calculations in the ground electronic state are probably the simplest cases where defaults in terms of charge (typically zero) and spin (singlet) are chosen by the calculation software. However, when ...
6
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1answer
109 views

I get an error 'Conversion from Z-matrix to cartesian coordinates failed' in Gaussian09. Any suggestions?

I'm doing my calculations using G09W. My OS is Windows 7 (64-bit). This error occurs in the frequency calculation. What's even weirder is that it seems to happen right after everything is already ...
6
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1answer
142 views

I get this error in Gaussian09 even though I have enough memory. “Error termination in NtrErr: NtrErr called from FIOCnC.” Any suggestions?

Whenever read-write files get to about 20Gb, I get this error. I know that, in G09, one rw file is limited to 16Gb. So I have set the software to write several RWFs. But it still keeps producing this ...
10
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1answer
82 views

Regarding oscillatory strength theoretical units to experimental ones

The output of Gaussian rotatory and oscillatory strength intensities, plus a gaussian/lorentzian fit, translates to a theoretical CD/UV-vis spectra. In order to try and compare with experimental ...
9
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1answer
53 views

Is there an anisotropy factor (g factor) for TDDFT absorption and circular dichroism calculations?

Experimentally, anisotropy factor is calculated by dividing the CD (circular dichroism) spectra by the absorbance spectra and multiplying by a factor of 32980 (in order to get a dimensionless quantity)...
7
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1answer
87 views

Bond Order: When and how is it used today?

We all learned about single vs double vs triple bonds in high school chemistry and biology. We learned that unsaturated fats have double bonds whereas saturated fats have only single bonds, which ...
6
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2answers
128 views

How is MCTDH derived?

In the multi-configurational time-dependent Hartree (MCTDH) method, the equation of motion is derived from the time-dependent Schrödinger equation by substituting the wavefunction ansatz expanded in a ...
13
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2answers
148 views

A CCSD(T) geometry optimization in Gaussian09 is deviating too far from the minimum. How do I deal with it?

I am doing a CCSD(T) geometry optimization on a series of molecules. One of the geometry optimizations took about 2 weeks even though an analogous molecule with the same number of basis functions took ...
32
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1answer
2k views

Was Walter Kohn wrong about this?

In Kohn's Nobel Lecture, he claimed that: "In general the many-electron wave function $\Psi(\mathbf{r}_1,\ldots,\mathbf{r}_N)$ for a system of $N$ electrons is not a legitimate scientific concept,...
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4answers
366 views

Is there a set of updated, comprehensive benchmarks for speed comparison between different quantum chemistry packages?

I've found a page dedicated to quantum chemistry packages benchmarks, on GitHub, qmspeedtest. But most results there are several years old, and so probably outdated. Is there some place where we can ...
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2answers
522 views

Total spin and/or multiplicity for transition metal ions?

I am trying to input various charge states of various transition metal ion species into DFT calculations. The program requires an input of multiplicity = 2*(total spin) + 1. I have an undergraduate-...
8
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1answer
102 views

The correlation energy from frozen natural orbtials (FNOs) using CCSD and MPBT(2)?

In other works and from the paper: Scaling Up Electronic Structure Calculations on Quantum Computers: The Frozen Natural Orbital Based Method of Increments. I have seen that the corrected CCSD ...
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2answers
360 views

Materials Modeling with Raspberry Pi?

Does anyone have any knowledge or direction for creating a homemade Beowolf cluster for materials modeling?I would like to be able to run my own "hobby" simulations at home, so a low energy, ...
18
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3answers
708 views

Since MKL is not optimized for AMD hardware, should I use a math library specific to AMD, or would an open-source one be just as good?

The codes for quantum mechanical calculations make heavy use of linear algebra, and it seems most of them delegate this task to time-tested and highly optimized libraries, instead of trying to deploy ...
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2answers
2k views

What are the “smart algorithms” applied to solve the “curse of dimensionality”?

The "curse of dimensionality" is an ubiquitous issue arising in both electronic structure and quantum molecular dynamics, which refers to the exponential scaling of computational cost with ...
19
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2answers
318 views

What significant matter modelling methods are implemented in commercial software, for which there is no freeware alternative?

There is an ever-growing list of freeware and open-source software for solid-state physics and quantum chemistry. But many commercial programs still thrive, even in 2020, and their cost can be in ...
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5answers
439 views

When and Why does Density Functional Theory (DFT) fail?

Every method has its strengths and weaknesses. For instance, a strength of DFT is that is has HF like speeds, but can also account for electron-correlation and this is a pretty big feature since ...
20
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3answers
161 views

How can quantum computing accelerate materials modeling?

Materials modeling is very computationally intensive and first-principles simulation of a real system of reasonable size typically involves the use of classical supercomputers. How can quantum ...