Questions tagged [spin-orbit-coupling]

For questions related to the calculation of the interaction of spin electronic states or weak magnetic interaction between an electrons spin and orbital motion.

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1answer
125 views

Spin orbit coupling from spin polarized density of states?

My knowledge in these areas of physics is lacking, so please expect naivety ahead (perhaps, dumb down your answer accordingly). From what I read online, spin orbit coupling is how the angular momentum ...
11
votes
3answers
119 views

What's the difference between spin-unpolarized, spin-polarized and non-colinear calculation?

The central goal of the first-principles simulation is to solve the Kohn-Sham equation: $$[-\dfrac{1}{2}\nabla^2+v_{\textit{eff}}(\vec{r})]\phi_n(\vec{r})=E_n\psi_n(\vec{r}).$$ Here the atomic unit ...
11
votes
2answers
167 views

What is the difference between Ultrasoft, ONCV and PAW Pseudopotentials? Which is better for a spin-orbit coupled calculation?

I am trying to do spin-orbit coupled calculations for various topological insulators. I have found papers using Quantum Espresso with ONCV pseudopotentials and papers using VASP with PAW ...
8
votes
0answers
61 views

Is the non-trivial band topology in a system, caused by spin-orbit-coupling or band inversion?

How can we know that the non-trivial band topology in a system is driven by spin-orbit coupling (SOC) or by band inversion? Based on my understanding, SOC causes the band inversion and makes the ...
11
votes
1answer
63 views

Spin density in systems with non-collinear magnetism using VASP

I have recently been working with non-collinear antiferromagnetic systems. I understand that, in order to obtain spin density, one must obtain the electron density in one configuration of spin and ...
11
votes
1answer
52 views

How to generate relativistic pseudo-potential using Vanderbilt USPP that captures spin-orbit coupling?

I have used Vanderbilt USPP for generating a pseudopotential that does not include the spin-orbit term. But I want to have the spin-orbit coupling term included in the pseudopotential, to do ...
12
votes
2answers
312 views

Total spin and/or multiplicity for transition metal ions?

I am trying to input various charge states of various transition metal ion species into DFT calculations. The program requires an input of multiplicity = 2*(total spin) + 1. I have an undergraduate-...
10
votes
1answer
188 views

Spin–orbit interaction with DFT

I'm new to DFT. Does the DFT take into account the spin-orbit interaction? On the one hand, this is a relativistic effect, perhaps DFT does not take it into account. However, on the other hand, I ...