Questions tagged [spin-polarization]

Questions about spin polarization.

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6 votes
1 answer
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Why can't DFT calculate the accurate electronic configuration of the Oxygen atom?

I am trying to do a DFT calculation of Oxygen atoms with the VASP code. My settings follow the official tutorial on the Oxygen atom of VASP. But it turns out the energy levels of the two spin ...
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4 votes
0 answers
25 views

How to compute spin projections in QE?

It's well known that VASP can print three orthogonal spin projections at each k point corresponding to each band in the file PROCAR controlled by the tags LORBIT and RWIGS. Is there a way to obtain ...
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8 votes
2 answers
158 views

How to obtain spin projected band structure for system with Spin Orbit Coupling?

Spin-orbit coupling[1] means the system has a non-collinear spin. Therefore, spin exists as a spinor, hence there is no meaning to 'up' and 'down' spin. Still, is there any way to get fat-band plot ...
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9 votes
1 answer
162 views

Spin polarized calculation gives different solution in SIESTA and Quantum ESPRESSO

I was trying to optimize Vanadium doped 4x4 MoS2 using SIESTA. Plotting the band structure I was able to see the symmetry breaking at K and K'. But when I tried to do the same calculation in Quantum ...
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7 votes
0 answers
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How to change the magnetization direction in Quantum ESPRESSO?

I have a magnetic crystal system. I want to calculate the total energy of the system if the magnetization direction is aligned in different directions such as [110], [010]. By default Quantum ESPRESSO ...
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  • 2,269
11 votes
1 answer
390 views

Does the spin polarised DFT calculation mean broken time reversal symmetry?

Recently, I have got to learn that if time-reversal symmetry and inversion symmetry are present simultaneously in the system we have the following conditions on energy of Bloch's states: $$E_{n,\chi }(...
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10 votes
1 answer
127 views

Why does the S squared value have no meaning in Density Functional Theory?

It is not the first time that I stumble upon the affirmation that spin and the $S^2$ value, under DFT, has no "real physical meaning". Why? If that is true, why are we using it all the time ...
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8 votes
3 answers
591 views

Why can't we change the spin angular momentum of electrons with an external optical field?

I have read this paper many times: Coupled Spin and Valley Physics in Monolayers of MoS2 and Other Group-VI Dichalcogenides. Interestingly, this paper is also discussed many times in this community, ...
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10 votes
1 answer
81 views

How do I get exact percentage of spin-polarization in Quantum ESPRESSO?

Cross-posted on ResearchGate I am investigating a near half-metallic / high-spin polarization material. I ran an SCF calculation with nspin = 2, with some starting ...
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  • 131
4 votes
1 answer
155 views

How can I obtain seperate spin-up and spin-down bands while considering Spin Orbit Coupling in Quantum ESPRESSO?

I have been studying a magnetic material with SoC taken into consideration. The main aim was to obtain the band structure. when I use spin_component = 1 in the ...
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  • 4,268
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to choose starting magnetization while doing spin polarised calculation in Quantum ESPRESSO?

I am trying to run spin polarised DFT calculation in Quantum ESPRESSO on system Co2MnSi. I kept starting magnetization for all these three species as, ...
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  • 2,269
10 votes
2 answers
331 views

Spin orbit coupling from spin polarized density of states?

My knowledge in these areas of physics is lacking, so please expect naivety ahead (perhaps, dumb down your answer accordingly). From what I read online, spin orbit coupling is how the angular momentum ...
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