Questions tagged [thermodynamics]

Questions concerned with thermodynamics as related to systems in materials modeling.

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4
votes
1answer
17 views

Thermo-calc: Calculate precipitation driving force by parallel tangent construction

I want to calculate the difference in Gibbs free energies between a Zr-Cu-Al liquid (composition - Zr 65 Cu 27.5 Al 7.5 at%) and the CuZr2 solid phase as a function of temperature (300 - 1000 K). In ...
9
votes
0answers
57 views

Selection of appropriate Langevin damping parameter for MD of solid metal

I am performing an MD simulation involving solid metal. The system is in the NVT ensemble, and I am using the Langevin thermostat (fix Langevin in LAMMPS) to enforce this. I have previously used the ...
3
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0answers
33 views

Doubt in Raoultian and Henrian Standard State

$Si(liq)=Si_\text{(1 wt% Fe)}$ Can you describe what is going on here?All that they ask for is change in Gibbs free energy for the process.I am completely unable to figure why this particular model is ...
7
votes
1answer
64 views

High accuracy energy methods, are they worth it?

I'm trying to figure out for myself the necessity of high-accuracy compound methods for energy like W1 or Gn families. I'm learning computational chemistry by myself and sometimes lack systematical ...
9
votes
1answer
448 views

Why is specific heat not zero at absolute zero?

In this old paper on Monte Carlo simulations of Lennard-Jones solid, specific heat behaviour (both $c_p$ and $c_v$) have been reported. As you can see from the picture below, both $c_p$ and $c_v$ goes ...
7
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0answers
44 views

Deriving pressure in a pair-wise additive system

I am studying pairwise-additive systems in statistical mechanics. These are systems with particles which only have a 2-body potential defined. When trying to find the pressure of such a system, we do $...
8
votes
0answers
51 views

How to get order constitution data for single equilibrium calculation in Thermo-Calc's TC Python module?

I know that it is possible to get order constitution data for phases when using Thermo-Calc's GUI (e.g. to get "BCC_B2 DISORD" instead of just "BCC_B2") for a single equilibrium ...
7
votes
1answer
62 views

For ergodicity, what is the significance of the R value and slope?

I am calculating MSDs for the first time and have been struggling to find newbie-level resources on understanding them. If anyone could please suggest any resources or provide guidance on how to ...
6
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0answers
64 views

Why does Thermo-Calc one axis equilibrium calculation get stuck in never ending loop?

I've been trying to run a Thermo-Calc one axis equilibrium calculation on some quaternary alloys in the TCHEA4 database. Most of the calculations work fine, but for some alloys it gets stuck in a loop ...
8
votes
1answer
70 views

For a Thermo-Calc database, is it possible to view the equation/parameters of the Gibbs free energy models?

I want to get the equations that model free energy for a given phase in a given alloy system (see attached image). I do not just want to get values of free energy for specific compositions. Is it ...
10
votes
1answer
89 views

Correcting thermodynamic data for concentration, what concentration is best to use?

In computational chemistry when using transition state theory we often use standard states for all involved structures. However, sometimes people argue that it should be corrected for concentration (...
10
votes
1answer
111 views

How does one compute the boiling point of a liquid made of a particular molecule?

This question is in relation to Anomalous boiling point of "iso-" alkanes on Chemistry SE. I want to compute the boiling point of the different isomers of an n-carbon alkane to check what ...
15
votes
1answer
154 views

Is there any reason not to sum the kinetic and potential energy from an NPT simulation to get internal energy?

I would be very grateful for some newbie-level advice from a thermodynamics guru. I ran NPT simulations on a particular system (in CP2K software) to get fluid densities for use in fluid dynamics ...
10
votes
1answer
164 views

Are there any MD packages that do proper free energy sampling in the NPT ensemble?

Statistical Mechanics is the basis of molecular level calculations of properties and averages. Nowadays free energy calculations are fairly "turn-the-crank", which is not necessarily a good ...
18
votes
1answer
199 views

What are the ways to ensure thermodynamic stability of a DFT modelled new structure?

One way of predicting the thermodynamic stability of a DFT modelled structure is to calculate the energy above convex hull, which was used as the criterion in The Materials Project database. For ...
8
votes
1answer
76 views

What contributes to the total enthalpy of a system?

This answer refers to a paper that calculates $\Delta H$ as $\Delta E_{\textrm{electronic}} + \Delta E_{\textrm{vibrational}}$. However, what if I had enough computing power, and I wanted to get the ...
12
votes
1answer
132 views

What are the methods for calculating solvation effects in free energies and how do they compare?

I've just found this paper (J. Chem. Phys. 141, 174106 (2014)) that deals with the translational and rotational entropies in solution. The method is promising but, unfortunately, requires a ...
16
votes
1answer
165 views

How to calculate t-zero temperature using Thermo-Calc- Python (TCPython) for multiple alloys?

T-zero temperature is the temperature at which the Gibbs energies of two phases are equal. Here, I wish to find the temperature at which FCC and BCC have same Gibbs energy. Thermo-Calc console mode ...
14
votes
3answers
103 views

What thermodynamic data is collected in order to build a CALPHAD model?

To build a model using the CALPHAD approach, i.e. Gibbs free energy as a function of composition and temperature, typically taking the form of a Redlich-Kister polynomial, what kind of thermodynamic ...