Questions tagged [vibrations]

Questions concerning molecular and solid vibrational modes.

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10
votes
2answers
220 views

Morse potential for phonons in solids instead of the harmonic potential approximation?

As the title says, the Morse potential (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morse_potential) is an exactly solvable model in quantum mechanics, just like the quantum harmonic oscillator. Extensions of it ...
8
votes
0answers
50 views

Equilibration of normal modes in water molecule

When running a molecular dynamics simulation on a singular water molecule in vacuum to analyze its normal modes of vibration from the NVE (microcanonical) ensemble, the bending mode frequency is ...
17
votes
2answers
908 views

Logic of published geometry optimization results without checking phonons

I see that in many papers where optimization results presented, they do not mention phonons and their force convergence criterion is 0.01 eV/A. Can you publish a result like that? And is not this ...
7
votes
1answer
62 views

DFPT vs Finite Difference Method [duplicate]

Which one is better in case of a phonon calculation and does DFPT also have small negative frequencies near Gamma due to the numerical noise? What are their advantages and disadvantages?
13
votes
2answers
558 views

What does it mean if a strictly optimized experimental geometry presents imaginary frequencies?

Let's say you optimize an experimental geometry of a structure with very large basis sets, strict optimization settings with different XC functionals and after calculating phonons of this structure ...
10
votes
2answers
108 views

What are the methods that can be used to ensure that an optimized geometry is a local minimum?

Usually it is suggested to do a phonon calculation. What are the other ways?
8
votes
1answer
46 views

Phonon Calculations and Vibrational Modes

The Raman spectrum of a material shows certain 'active' modes for which we get experimental signatures. Phonon calculations are mostly used to calculate vibrational modes. How can we determine the ...
16
votes
1answer
78 views

Discrepancy between numerical and transformed derivatives

This is related to a prior question of mine Derivatives with respect to user defined vibrational modes. While that one focuses on potential software to use for derivatives with respect to normal modes,...
14
votes
0answers
119 views

How to set up a local server for iQmol on macOS?

I'm trying to set up iQmol as a tool to submit calculations to Q-Chem on our lab machines to make access to it easier for OChem students. Unfortunately, it is not working properly "from the box&...
13
votes
0answers
82 views

Derivatives with respect to user defined vibrational modes

I'm doing some property calculations that depend on a sum of derivatives of some quantity with respect to normal vibrational modes. I was hoping to find some physical intuition relating the type of ...
14
votes
2answers
97 views

What is the largest system for which vibrationally resolved electronic spectra have been simulated using ML-MCTDH?

Multi-layer Multi-configuration time-dependent Hartree (ML-MCTDH) is a method widely used for simulation of vibrationally resolved electronic spectra that incorporate the coupling between vibrational ...
18
votes
1answer
92 views

Retrieving Translational and Rotational Modes

I'm doing some post-processing using the vibrational modes of a molecule to solve a linear system of equations, but I believe I need all the modes in order to have a single, well-determined solution. ...
14
votes
1answer
155 views

Alternatives to VEDA 4 vibrational energy distribution analysis software?

Said software is useful when you need to assign the peaks in vibrational spectra to different vibrational modes found in a hessian calculation for a given molecule, as described in Jamróz, Michał H. “...
25
votes
1answer
145 views

How to map molecular vibrations into lattice phonons?

Let's assume I have already relaxed a molecular structure for a non-trivial molecule and obtained a geometry that is close to the one resulting from X-ray crystallography. This can be achieved in a ...