# Questions tagged [terminology]

Questions seeking clarification on the various terminology related to materials modeling.

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### What does it mean by "scale mismatch" and "bridging of scales"?

As far as I understood, molecular simulation works in two types of scales: temporal scale - how much time is required to simulate the model. spatial scale - how much memory-space is required to ...
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### What does "dynamics" mean in matter modeling?

As an example, I have seen the phrase "dynamics of proteins" or "dynamics of biomolecules". The review paper "Protein Dynamics" by J A McCammon has the word in its title, ...
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### What are differences between Mott and Anderson transitions?

Can anyone please explain the differences between Anderson and Mott insulator-metal transition?
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### Is it correct to say "in molecular dynamics we are faced with..." or should it be "in molecular modeling we are faced with"?

In the paper "DeePCG: Constructing coarse-grained models via deep neural networks", it says: "In molecular dynamics (MD), we are often faced with two types of coarse-graining tasks. In ...
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### Definition of the terms "modeling" and "simulation" in the context of biomolecules and/or proteins

What are the definitions of the terms "modeling" and "simulation" in the context of biomolecules and/or proteins? Examples will be highly appreciated. Also, please, back them up ...
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### Interpreting Phonon calculations for 2D materials [closed]

What is the meaning of phonon calculation in 2D materials? And is it enough to predict the stability of materials based on positive phonon only?
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### Different types of transition dipole moment in ORCA output

In the ORCA output for a TD-DFT calculation, there are two types of spectra printed. One is called "transition electric dipole moment" and "transition velocty dipole moment". ...
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### Cutoff energy in Quantum ESPRESSO calculation [duplicate]

What is cutoff energy in solid state calculations? I would just like a detailed explanation and the applicable formulas!
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### What does "force field" mean?

In MD simulations we often hear the term force field. What is it? We know, for example that, Gromacs provides various types of forcefields.
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### Proposing a 2D quasicrystal; what are the necessary and sufficient conditions? (If it looks like a duck and quacks like a duck, or...?)

Quasicrystals show repeating motifs or patterns but are not periodic. And yet their Fourier transforms invariably demonstrate a pattern of sharp peaks revealing that there is still an underlying... ...
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### What is the meaning of Coulomb Subtraction?

Specifically, in the General Utility Lattice Program (GULP) 2003 paper, in the methods section on Two-body Short-range Interactions we have the following: For covalently bonded atoms, it is often ...
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### What does the "pn" column mean in this pseudopotential file?

In this SSSP pseudopotential file for Quantum ESPRESSO, what does the "pn" column mean?
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### What is the polarization catastrophe?

I heard about the polarization catastrophe in a talk about polarizable force fields. The speaker talked about how the dipole induction is damped at short range to avoid the “polarization catastrophe&...
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### Is there any specific name for non-ferrous metals which are not noble metals?

In German there is the name "Buntmetalle" which means "colorful metals" for non-ferrous metals which are also not noble metals: Cadmium (Cd), Cobalt (Co), Copper (Cu), Nickel (Ni),...
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### What is matter modeling?

Perhaps a stupid question, but.. what is matter modeling? I've never heard of it, and a google search just returns news articles about this site that seem to assume you already know what it is. I can'...
396 views

### What does a density of states (DOS) plot show?

I have plotted the density of states using GGA-PBE exchange correlation functional for magnesium silcide but I really do not know what the equations involved are in this process, and how they relate ...
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### What is the meaning of energy-consistent and shape-consistent in the context of pseudopotentials?

I am trying to use pseudopotentials to model scattering from heavy molecules. However, I am confused by some of the terminologies of pseudopotentials/ECPs: Norm-conserving according to Wikipedia and ...
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### High-Performance Computing: What does "Mio CPUh" mean?

Sorry if this question is too simple for the community but I really could not find an explanation. A detailed answer would be appreciated.
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### How to explain Miller indices to someone outside nanomaterials?

I often find that when talking to experimentalists outside of the field of nanomaterials, it is nearly impossible to explain Miller indices concisely. As this often comes up during talks from other ...
121 views

### What does it mean to assign group operations to distinct sets for space groups?

I am trying to understand space groups in crystallography. In International tables for crystallography, for a nonsymmorphic space group, they list some symmetry operations. 8 of them are listed under ...
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### What is a chemputer?

I first saw the term "chemputer" when reading about the work of Neil Ostlund (who you may know as one of the authors of the famous book "Modern Quantum Chemistry"). Based on the ...
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### What are "first principles" calculations?

A newcomer to density functional theory calculations is exposed to jargon which sounds rather non-technical at first. For instance, 'charge density' is something that is actually a term in the ...
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### What does capital sigma followed by an integer (Σn) mean in the context of grain boundaries?

I've just run across a nomenclature for coincidence lattices at grain boundaries which uses a capital greek letter sigma followed by an integer. For example Grain Boundary Engineering & ...
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### How would you report the lattice parameters of an alloy, modelled using a supercell

There is a whole lot of literature behind ab initio modelling of alloys with statistical site occupancies. These include VCA, SQS, CPA, supercell approach, etc. This question does not aim to compare ...
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### What are the types of DMRG?

The following questions have worked out very well 😊 : What are the types of Quantum Monte Carlo? What are the types of SCF? What are the types of MCSCF? What are the types of ab initio Molecular ...
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### What are the types of Quantum Molecular Dynamics (QMD)?

In similar spirit to recent questions on Quantum Monte Carlo, ab-initio Molecular Dynamics, types of SCF, and others, I would like to ask: What are the types of Quantum Molecular Dynamics (QMD)? As I ...
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### What are the types of ab initio Molecular Dynamics?

I am new to the world of Molecular Dynamics, and am curious to know exactly what is considered to be an ab initio Molecular Dynamics (AIMD) method, and how do they work? The seminal work by Roberto ...
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### What are the types of DFT?

Similar to: What are the types of charge analysis?, What are the types of bond orders?, and What are some recent developments in density functional theory?, I would like to ask: What are the different ...
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### What is the meaning of fat bands?

I came across the band structure colored as bellow1: As you can see, each band was colored depending of the atom contribution to each band. Googling, I found it was done using the concept of fat ...
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### How is the material $\ce{\alpha-NaMnO2}$ pronounced?

I am a theoretical physicist, so I am not very familiar with chemical names. The material I am interested in is $\ce{\alpha-NaMnO2}$. Would that be pronounced alpha sodium manganese dioxide? Is it ...
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### What are the common acronyms in Materials Modelling?

Many abbreviations are used in Materials Modelling. For example, we have DFT (density functional theory/discrete Fourier transform), TST (transition state theory) and MD (molecular dynamics). Which ...
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